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Biodiversity: An Overview

Mukesh Kumar (Author) Rajan Kumar Gupta (Author) G.S. Paliwal (Author)

India’s phytodiversity is one of the most significant in the world. India is one of the twelve mega-biodiversity centers in the world and also an important center of origin of agrobiodiversity. It is therefore, very important to study, document and conserve the plant wealth of India and also of the world before its possible extinction. There are convincing scientific, economic and sociological reasons for giving priority to the conservation of the major centers of plant diversity throughout the world. The strategies to conserve the biodiversity include establishment of protected area network and corridors with emphasis on appropriate levels of management, reduction of anthropogenic pressure on natural populations by cultivating them elsewhere, programmes of augmentation, reintroduction and introduction of target taxa, restoration of degraded habitats, etc. The conservation strategies can be either, in-situ conservation of genetic resources within their ecosystem and natural habitat or ex-situ conservation of components of genetic material of biological diversity outside their natural habitat. The choice of conservation strategy depends upon the nature of the material to be conserved, i.e., the life cycle and mode of reproduction, size of individual population and ecological status. Ex-situ techniques include the establishment of botanical and zoological gardens, banks of pollen, seed tissue culture, DNA, etc. Establishment of forest reserves, national parks, protected areas and on farm conservation of valuable plant varieties is being promoted to facilitate their in-situ conservation. The present book comprises of 29 contributions by eminent scientists and research workers who are acknowledged internationally in their respective fields. The book has been prepared with the intention of providing sufficient depth of the subject to satisfy the academic needs of the reader up to a higher level, which is comprehensive and interesting. There are articles on the various groups of plants, i.e., angiosperms, sedge vegetation, grassland vegetation, wetland flora, sacred groves, ethnobotany, pharmacognosy of drug-plants, phenology of medicinal plants, changing water regimes, hotspots and biodiversity conservation. In totality, it contains useful information for the postgraduate students, teachers, scientists and researchers dealing with Basic and Applied Botany, Ethnobotany, Environmental Biology, Forestry and Agricultural Botany. Moreover, it will prove helpful for Government departments dealing with forestry, social forestry and the cultivation of medicinal plants.

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About the authors

Mukesh Kumar

Dr. Mukesh Kumar (b. 1963) obtained his M.Sc. and M.Phil. degrees in Botany and M.Ed. in Education from Meerut University, Meerut - 250005 (now C.C.S. University, Meerut). He took his doctorate degree on Polyhouse Technology from H.N.B. Garhwal University, Srinagar-246 174, Pauri (Uttaranchal). Presently he is working as a Reader at the Department of Botany, Sahu Jain (P.G.) College, Najibabad-246 763, Bijnor (U.P.).

Rajan Kumar Gupta

Dr. Ranjan Kumar Gupta (b. 1963) Obtained his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degree from Banaras Hindu University and worked on Ecophysiology at Antarctic Cyanobacteria for his Ph.D. degree. Since past fifteen years he has been working on Antarctic cyanobacteria. Presently Dr. Gupta is working as Reader in Department of Botany, Govt. P.G. College, Rishikesh (Dehradun), Uttaranchal.

G.S. Paliwal

Professor G.S. Paliwal (b. 1938), presently a Senior Consultant at the Regional Centre, National Afforestation and Eco-development board, located at Agricultural Finance Corporation Ltd., NRO, New Delhi-1100058, is well-known for his contributions to several facets of Development Botany, Electron Microscopy, Tree Biology and Systematic Botany. He has authored/edited 7 books, five of which have won hum national awards and over 160 research papers, besides supervising over 100 doctoral theses. Prior to his present assignment, he served at the Department of Botany, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007, as a Lecturer (1963-1977), a Reader (1977-1978), Professor and Head, Department of Botany, H.N.B. Garhwal University, Srinagar-246 174, Pauri (Uttaranchal; 1978-1998), and in between also as Dean, Faculty of Sciences. During the span 2000-2002), he was awarded the UGS, New Delhi-sponsored Emeritus Professorship, at the University of Delhi.

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Bibliographic information

Title Biodiversity: An Overview
Format Hardcover
Date published: 31.12.2011
Edition 1st. ed.
Publisher I.K. Books
Language: English
isbn 9789380578880
length 478p.