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Heterosis in Crop Plants

Mathura Rai (Editor) G Kalloo (Editor) Major Singh (Editor) Sanjeet Kumar (Editor)
Synopsis This publication contains the proceedings of national symposium “Harnessing Heterosis in Crop Plants.” Most of the chapters in this book are based on the presentations made during the event, however, a few chapters are also included with the aim to cover emerging issues. India is credited with the release of first commercial hybrids of several crops. Status and prospects of hybrid research in economically important crop Plants are highlighted in chapter 1: Advancement in molecular techniques has been of tremendous utility in studying the mechanism of biological phenomenon. Availability, management and assessment of Plant Genetic Resources (PGRs) provide platform to execute plant breeding including heterosis breeding. These aspects are described in chapters 2,3,3,4, and 6. heterosis breeding has played a significant role in increasing productivity of a number of crops. Research aspects and prospects on parental line development, hybrid development and their seed production in such crops are dealt in chapters 7 (sorghum), 8 (pearl millet), 9 (cotton), 10 (castor), 11 (Solanaceous vegetables), 12 (cucurbits and cole crops), 13 (fruit and plantation crops) and 14 (ornamental crops). There are several non-conventional crops where hybrid technology is at initial stage and would become popular in near future, have also been covered under chapters 15 (rice), 16, 17 (wheat), 18 (pigeonpea), 19 (rapeseed-mustard) and 20 (safflower). The availability of potential inbred lines is key for developing successful hybrids. In chapters 21, 22 and 23, target-oriented inbreds development for tolerance to abiotic stresses and quality protein maize are described. Plant biotechnological tools have stared playing significant role in increasing the efficacy of hybrid research at several fronts. Application of molecular markers in genetic purity testing of hybrids/parents and in several areas of heterosis breeding are the contents of chapters 24 and 25. In the chapter 26, the phenomenon of apomixes is being viewed with great promise in revolutionizing the plant breeding by fixing heterosis. Post WTO issues on IPR with respect to hybrid technology have been described in chapter 27. This book provides updated status and prospects of heterosis breedingo f economically important crop plants of tropical and subtropical countries in general and that of Indian in particular. This book would serve the university teachers, researches and students by providing knowledge on mechanisms underlying with heterosis and updated information on exploitation of heterosis.
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About the author

Mathura Rai

Mathura Rai, is Director at Indian Institute of Vegetable Research with additional responsibility of Project Coordinator of AICRP (VC) and NSP (Vegetable) at Varanasi, UP, India. Dr. Rai is an eminent Horticulturist with rich experiences in Plant Genetic Resources, management and improvement of vegetable and fruit crops. He has also worked as OSD, NRC, Litchi, Muzafarpur and Head, HARP Ranchi. Dr. Rai is Author/Co-author of seven books, tow descriptors, one catalogue, thirty technical bulletins, fifty eight extension leaf lets and fifty five chapters in different books. He has to his credit about 200 research papers and popular articles. During the tenure of Dr. Rai, Indian Institute of Vegetable Research was bestowed as best Institute Award, Best Coordinated Research Project Award and Best Annual Report Award from Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. Dr. Rai and hsi team have evolved and released forty six varieties in tomato, brinjal, chilli, cowpea, French bean, cucumber, bottle gourd, ridge gourd, okra, pea, radish, cauliflower, muskmelon, ashgourd, pumpkin in vegetables and jack fruit in fruit crop. These varieties are becoming popular for their specific traits in different parts of country. Dr. Rai is President of Horticultural Society, Chotta Nagpur and Joint Secretary of the Indian Society of Vegetable Science. He is a fellow of Indian Society of Vegetable Science and member of Horticultural Society of India, Indian Society of Plant Genetic Resources and Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding. He is recipient of Harbhajan Singh Award Constituted by Indian Society of Vegetable Science.

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Bibliographic information

Title Heterosis in Crop Plants
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2006
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 8189614037
length xv+390p., Tables; References; Index; 25cm.