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Mutation Breeding

 
S S Purohit (Author)
Synopsis

Mutation means a sudden phenotypic change in a character of an individual, not due to crossing or segregation of an alteration in the macro-molecule of DNA (where it remains open, whether the alteration leads to a change in gene function or not). It also means the augmentation of genetic material through nucleotide or gene copies, through additional individual chromosomes, as well as through the multiplication of whole genomes towards polyploidy.

Plant breeding requires genetic variation of useful traits for crop improvement. Often, however, desired variation is lacking. Mutagenic agents, such as radiation and certain chemicals, then can be used to induce mutations and generate genetic variations from which desired mutants may be selected. Therefore, mutation breeding means: (1) The phenotypic alteration, and (2) The various underlying molecular and numerical changes. But in any case, a mutation has to be phenotypically expressed to be selectable, all other mutations are only of scientific interest.

The present book includes the chapters like: Mutation: General Concepts, Mutation: The Molecular Basis, Mutation: Variation in Chromosome Number and Structure, Plant Breeding Using Mutations, Induced Mutations, Induced Mutation and Plant Breeding, Techniques of mutation Breeding, Plant Biotechnology, Mutation and Breeding, Somaclonal and Gametoclonal Variant Selection, Techniques of Induced Mutation and New Cultivars Developed by Mutation Breeding. In the end Selected References have been appended.

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About the author

S S Purohit

Dr. S.S. Purohit (b. July, 1948) obtained M.Sc. (Gold Medal) and Ph.D. in Botany from Udaipur University, Udaipur. He was guest scientist in various foreign universities. He has 30 years of teaching experience of UG and PG students specially Plant Physiology and Biotechnology. He has guided 12 M. Phil and 5 Ph.D. students. He is a well known author of 30 nooks of national and international repute. He has edited an International series entitled: Hormonal Regulation of Plant Growth and Development in Six Volumes and two Volumes have been reprinted by W. Junk Publishers, Holland. Presently he is the Managing Director of Agrobios (India) and Chief Editor Agrobios News Letter.

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Bibliographic information

Title Mutation Breeding
Author S S Purohit
Format Hardcover
Date published: 02.04.2012
Edition 1st. ed.
Publisher Agrobios (India)
Language: English
isbn 9788177543780
length 198p., Figures; Tables; 22cm.