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Devaradiyars: Temple Women in Tamil Country

 
S. Saroja (Author)
Synopsis

This subject has been delt with by many scholars in different angles. Dr. Lesslie C. Orr had made an analytical approach based on Chola inscription. However additional information is available in the records of the Pallava period, Kadavaraya chiefs, Pandyas, Kongucholas etc. The earliest reference to devaradiyar comes from a 9th century inscription. This has been interpreted as meaning courtesans but she is referred to as the builder of a Jaina temple (sulaigal seivitta Devakulam). This is a concrete evidence to show that women were connected with the temple activities. In this book, some of the terms like Devanarmagal, Nakkan, Manikkam, Talaikoli. Koyil Pillaigal, Polladapillaigal, etc. have been explained.

          
Talicheri Pendugal-inscription of Rajaraja I (1014 A.D) contains the names of 402 dancing girl. Studies of personal names of temple women indicate the connection of the temple women with places affliated to the deities of the places.
           
With the help of the epigraphical study an attempt has been made to reconstruct the temple women’s history and their role in the evolution of the institution and ideologies of Medieval Tamil Society.

This subject has been delt with by many scholars in different angles. Dr. Lesslie C. Orr had made an analytical approach based on Chola inscription. However additional information is available in the records of the Pallava period, Kadavaraya chiefs, Pandyas, Kongucholas etc. The earliest reference to devaradiyar comes from a 9th century inscription. This has been interpreted as meaning courtesans but she is referred to as the builder of a Jaina temple (sulaigal seivitta Devakulam). This is a concrete evidence to show that women were connected with the temple activities. In this book, some of the terms like Devanarmagal, Nakkan, Manikkam, Talaikoli. Koyil Pillaigal, Polladapillaigal, etc. have been explained.

Talicheri Pendugal-inscription of Rajaraja I (1014 A.D) contains the names of 402 dancing girl. Studies of personal names of temple women indicate the connection of the temple women with places affliated to the deities of the places.

With the help of the epigraphical study an attempt has been made to reconstruct the temple women’s history and their role in the evolution of the institution and ideologies of Medieval Tamil Society.

 

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About the author

S. Saroja

Born on 4th November 1953, Mrs. S. Saroja was gradated from Madurai Kamaraj University. She joined as Asst. Professor in Sri Parasakti College for Women in 1977 and continued to serve as Selection Grade Lecturer till date. She has attended the Refresher course in History at Madurai and participated in three workshops at Women's Christian College, Stella Maris College, Chennai and M.S. University, Tirunelveli. She has delivered lectures on History and tourism in several colleges. As a Secretary, she organized the Epigraphy and Place names conferences and the Conference on Ancient Sciences and Archaeology. She has authored more than dozen articles on History, Culture, Epigraphy, and Place-Names.

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Bibliographic information

Title Devaradiyars: Temple Women in Tamil Country
Author S. Saroja
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.02.2012
Edition 1st ed.
Publisher The Women Press
Language: English
isbn 9788189110345
length xii+108pp., 16 colour illustrations; 23cm.