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Reforming Intelligence Agencies: Pakistans Transitional Democracy

Frederic Grare (Author)
Synopsis Pakistan, since evolution in 1947, has witnessed the leading role of military, intelligence and security agencies in it’s political life and governance. The intelligence agencies in tandem with the army have determined the fate of the people and the nation. As a result, their role has always been highly controversial. Pakistan’s military governments, like those of General Ayub Khan, Yahya Khan, Zia- ul-Haq, and Pervez Musharraf, and civilian governments llike that of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto have all used the intelligence agencies extensively for political purpose. The line of action actually to be drawn by the new political party ‘All Pakistan Muslim League’ recently launched by the former military ruler Pervez Musharraf  cannot be ascertained before the 2013 polls in Pakistan.

This book analyses the role of intelligence agencies particularly that of ISI, in Pakistan’s political life through a better understanding of their objectives and mechanisms. Most of the time Pakistan’s civilian governments have been victims of the agencies manipulations in the past. A new and very fragile government cannot ignore the decisive role of the intelligence agencies in Pakistan’s politics if it wants to counter the direct and more subtle manifestations of military control.

The reform of the intelligence agencies is therefore imperative and the depoliticisation of the intelligence process is as much an element of national reconciliation as of consolidation of power. Most of the information has been drawn on interviews conducted in Pakistan at all levels as well as on related literature. The book also examines similar attempts at reasserting civilian control over intelligence agencies in two democratizing military dictatorships, Indonesia and Chile.
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About the author

Frederic Grare

Frederic Grare is Director of the Centre de Sciences Humaines, New Delhi. He holds a Ph. D. in International Relations from the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva and had previously worked for the Programme for Strategic and International Security Studies in Geneva. Dr. Grare’s recent publications include: India and ASEAN: The Politics of India’s Look-East Policy (co-edited with A. Mattoo), Islamism and Security: Political Islam and the Western World, Tajikistan: The Trials of Independence (co-authored with Shirin Akiner and Mohammed-Reza Djalili) and Political Islam in the Indian Subcontinent: The Jamaat-i-Islami.

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Bibliographic information

Title Reforming Intelligence Agencies: Pakistans Transitional Democracy
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2011
Edition Reprint.
Publisher Manas Publications
Language: English
isbn 9788170493983
length 160p., Index; 23cm.