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Use of Saline Water in Agriculture: A Study of Arid and Semi-Arid Zones of India

S.K. Gupta (Author) I C Gupta (Author)
Synopsis The scarcity of good quality irrigation water is a serious problem in arid and semiarid zones of the world which comprise one third of the earth. Fresh water resources which are very scarce, forming only 3% of the total water reserves are overexploited and consequently have been tending to cause salinisation. Remaining 97% water in sea is excessively saline and generally not suitable for large scale exploitation in agriculture. More than half of the world’s ground water supplies are also saline. Although, to cope with the increasing requirements of the accelerating population, irrigated area in the world in last two centuries has increased from 8 mha (1800) to 220 mha (1990), but development of salinity on about half the irrigated land, caused due to indiscriminate use of waters, has been a serious constraint for optimum crop production. In this context, the rational use of irrigation waters, without development of salinity, is the most important challenging task and herein lies the value of scientific knowledge on the use of saline water in agriculture. The first edition of this monograph was published in 1979 and second revised edition was published in 1990. The purpose of the present third revised edition was to update the relevant information so that the latest synthesised knowledge becomes easily accessible to research workers, teachers, postgraduate students, extension people, and planners, who can utilise it profitably in the diagnosis and improvement of saline water irrigated agriculture. Although, the book contains most of the research work pertaining to India, but the principles and practices of the utilisation of saline waters can be extended safely to many countries of the world, confronted with the similar problems.
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About the authors

S.K. Gupta

Dr. S.K. Gupta (b. 1945) passed M.Sc. (Physics) 1967, M.Ed. in 1971 and obtained Ph.D. Degree in Education in 1974 – all from the University of Kurukshetra. A senior University teacher having nearly two decades of professional standing, he is on the Panel of Experts for Reviewing books for the reputed Journals. A prolific writer, he has five well acclaimed scholarly books to his credit including Guidance an Counselling in Indian Education (1985), Exploring Mental Abilities for Science Talent (1990). Currently Dr. gupta is a Reader in Education at the North Eastern Hill University, Nagaland Campus, Kohima.

I C Gupta

Dr. I.C. Gupta, (b. 1941) Fellow ISSRW and Honorary Secretary of the Indian Society of Salinity Research Workers was awarded Ph.D. on a subject of Soil Salinity as early as in 1968 by CAZRI, Jodhpur.  Dr. Gupta worked at CSSRI, Karnal from 1970 to 1985 and later on shifted to CAZRI Jodhpur on the position of Head, RRS Bikaner.  Dr. Gupta has been and continues to be a scientific writer of repute having more than 150 research papers to his credit.  Besides he has authored 23 books.  Currently, Dr. Gupta is Chief Editor of the Current Agriculture brought out by the Indian Society of Soil Salinity Research Workers. Dr. Gupta is a recipient of the many prestigious awards such as Dr. Rajendra Prasad Puruskar (First) of the ICAR for writing a book in Hindi in 1986 and outstanding book Award of the Indian Society of Agricultural Engineers.  He has been an active member of the Environmental Conservation Council of Rajasthan and Special Committee of the Environmental Impact of the INCID, Ministry of Water Resource, Govt. of India.  Dr. Gupta at the time of retirement was holding the position of Head of Division at CAZRI, Jodhpur.

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Bibliographic information

Title Use of Saline Water in Agriculture: A Study of Arid and Semi-Arid Zones of India
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2003
Edition Revised 3rd Ed.
Language: English
isbn 8172333005
length viii+302p., Figs.; Tables