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Ramayana Sculptures from Hampi-Vijayanagara

K M Suresh (Author)
Synopsis The Ramayana is one of the two great epics of India and its influence on the life of Indian people has been great and immeasurable. The ideals pf the Ramayana have gone deep into the core of Indian life and have largely moulded its social, political and cultural fabric and eternal history of India. Rama is an ideal hero the Ramayana describes his character unparalleled in human history.

During Vijayanagara period many poets add scholars translated the Ramayana in Kannada language. The most important work in Kannada on Ramayana theme is the Ramakatha of Narathari, datable to circa 1580-1600, based upon the Valmiki's Ramayana. He lived in the village temples at Pattadakal. The Papanatha temple represents the Rama story bigns with the Putrakameshti of Dasaratha and all the scenes bear labels in Kannada language of 6th-7th, century A.D. The important episodes are Rama's fight with Khara and Dushana, Surpanakha lamenting and also instigating Ravana to take revenge on Rama, the construction of the bridge over the sea, the fight between Vali and Sugriva and between Ravana and Jatayu as well as in Virupaksha temple at Pattadakal have served as the inspiration for the more mature and better designed depiction of the themes on the walls of Kailasanth temple at Ellora. The Mallikarjuna temple at Pattadakal depicts the search of Rama and Lakshmana for Sita and Rama's cry at her separation. The Virupaksha Temple at Pattadakal, contains a large number of Ramayana scenes in narrative style, include Surpanakha's adventure in the cottage of Rama, Rama's battle with Khara and Dushana, Surpanakha lamenting before Ravana, Rama shooting the golden deer, Ravana carrying away Sita, Jatayu's fight withd Ravana, the meeting of Rama and Sugriva, Vali-Sugriva duel, Sita in the Asoka Vana and Hanuman meeting her, Hanuman seated on an elevated seat made up of the coils of his tail etc.

Ramayana scenes in the sculptures from the Hazara Ramachandraswamy temple, the Vitthalaswamy temple and Brahna Vitthala temple at Hampi and compaired with Valmiki and other Ramayana stories.
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About the author

K M Suresh

Dr. K.M. Suresh (B. 1952) presently working as Director (Museum) in the Kannada University, Hampi, Vidyaranya-583276, in Karnataka, obtained his Master's Degree from Karnataka University, Dharwar in 1974 and P.G. Diploma in Archaeology, from Institute of Achaeology, Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi. In 1986. He obtained Ph.D., Degree from Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, in 1992 on 'Sculptural Art of Hampi-Vijayanagara'. Since his inception in the Arachaeological Survey of India from 1976 to 1996, he served in various capacities in the Archaeological Museum at Bijapur, Hampi, Aihole and Badami in Karnataka and Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh. He has been active field worker and excavator in the Excavation Branch IV or Archaeological Survey of India, Bhubneswar in Orissa. Dr. Suresh's other works are Sculptural art of Hampi-Vijayanagara; Saivite Sculptures of Khajuraho; Iconography of Vishnu from Khajuraho; Kandariya Mahadeva temple at Khajuraho; Karnataka Devalaya Kosha: Bellary District; Karnataka Devalaya Kosha: Koppal District; Hemakuta: Recent Researches in Archaeology and Museology (Shri C.T.M. Kotraiah's Felicitation Volume). Forthcoming works are Temples of Karnataka (Ground Plans and Elevation); Forts of Vijayanagara; Panchatantra; Facet Researched in Archaeology, (Dr. C.S. Patil's Commemoration Volume). He has contri-buted several research papers for leading Journals and Felicitation Volumes. He is member for many academic societies and a guide to Ph.D., scholars in the Kannada University, Hampi.

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Bibliographic information

Title Ramayana Sculptures from Hampi-Vijayanagara
Author K M Suresh
Format Hardcover
Date published: 15.09.2009
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 8180902246, 9788180902246
length xviii+134p.; Figures; Plates; Index; 24m.