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Constitution, Government and Politics in India: Evolution and Present Structure

Biswaranjan Mohanty (Author)
Synopsis Before 1947, India was dependency of the United Kingdom and consisted of British India, and the Princely States. It encompassed the entire area which now forms the four countries of India, Pakistan, Myanmar, and Bangladesh.

India inherited a dismal economy from the British rulers at the time of Independence in 1947. Owing to poor technological and scientific capabilities, industrialization was limited and lop-sided. Agricultural sector exhibited features of feudal and semi-feudal institutions, resulting into low productivity. The political system was fragmented and the national unity was in danger. Various factors were responsible for political problems which were threatening the very existence of India as a nation.

The Constitutions of India adopted November 26, 1949, became operative on January 26, 1950. It provides for two layers of Government, one at the Central level, and the other at the level of the states. A federal polity of this kind requires division of powers and responsibility between the Centre and the States. Hence, the Constitution describes in detail the legislative power and functions of the two tiers of Government. It is the fountain-head of all legislations.

India, with a population of more than one billion, is the world's largest democracy. Indian polity consists of three main branches, namely the executive, legislature and the judiciary along with subsidiary branches like political parties, statutory institutions etc.

This book presents a comprehensive description and analysis of the Constitution, system of government and dynamics of politics in India, a geographically and demographically vast country inhabited by people professing different religions, speaking a variety of languages and adhering to diverse socio-cultural ethos.
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About the author

Biswaranjan Mohanty

Biswaranjan Mohanty is a former alumnus of Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi. He received his M.Phil. and Ph.D. degrees from the School of Social  Sciences of the same University. Specializing in India Government and Politics, he has published a number of books and regularly contributed articles in national and international journals. He visited the Upasala University, Sweden while working on a research project. Presently, Dr. Mohanty is a Research Fellow, Centre for Political Studies, School of Social Sciences, JNU, New Delhi.

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Bibliographic information

Title Constitution, Government and Politics in India: Evolution and Present Structure
Format Hardcover
Date published: 25.07.2009
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 9788177081992
length xxxi+579p., Tables; Bibliography; Index; 25cm.