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People of India: Bihar Including Jharkhand (Volume XVI, Part 2)

K.S. Singh (Editor) Surendra Gopal (Editor) Hetukar Jha (Editor)
Synopsis The People of India Bihar volume includes Jharkhand because at the time of fieldwork and report writing, Jharkhand was part of Bihar state. Therefore, for the purpose of critical evaluation, the data on Bihar and Jharkhand have been combined. The relationship between the ecology and communities in these areas is evident from the dependence of the communities on land (189), forest (34) and water (22). Land is the main resource and is controlled individually. Other occupations include hunting, gathering, fishing and trapping of birds and animals. Bihar has been a heterogeneous state. As many as 241 communities have clan or exogamous divisions. Middle-level perceptions are now emerging as a result of social mobilization and widespread awakening, Thus the OBCs have emerged as the dominant segment. Bihar is predominantly the land of Shakti worship, tantra and Shaivism. A majority of the population follow earlier Hinduism or Islam. Jharkhand came into existence as a separate state on 15 November 2001. It is a different ethnographic world with tribes forming a very large component of its population. Hence the presence of a very large number of tribal traits peculiar to its ethnographic profile. 104 communities in Jharkhand, consisting of 29 tribes, have been studied for the people of India project. The state is linguistically heterogeneous with as many as 34 languages/dialects. The tribal religious survive and flourish in Jharkhand. In fact, tribals in this region have recreated their myths and folklore in order to define their identity and thereby its claim to a share of political space. The tribes have emerged as the dynamic professional group, and Christian segments of many tribal groups are doing well as professionals. Today, however, there has been wide-spread awareness among the people of Bihar and Jharkhand, regarding education, health and medical services, welfare, employment, drinking water and public distribution system, even though the benefits have been unevenly spread out.
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About the authors

K.S. Singh

K.S. Singh, a senior member of the Indian Administrative Service spent many years serving among and studying backward communities in central India. He held several important assignments including the directorship of Anthropological Survey of India. Author of the well known work Birsa Munda and His Movement in Chotanagpur he edited a large number of books on Indian tribes. He was general editor of the multi-volume People of India series of Anthropological Survey of India. He died in 2006.

Surendra Gopal

Surendra Gopal, Professor of History (retired), Patna University, has been working on Central Asian history from XVI Century onwards with special reference to Indian migration there for about two decades. He has published several articles on medieval Indian diaspora. He also edited a book entitled India and Central Asia: Cultural, Economic and Political Links (Shipra, 2001).

Hetukar Jha

Hetukar Jha is a Professor in the Department of Sociology, Patna University.

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Bibliographic information

Title People of India: Bihar Including Jharkhand (Volume XVI, Part 2)
Format Hardcover
Date published: 30.11.2008
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 9788170463030
length xlii+543-1094p., Map; Plates; References; Bibliography; Index; 26cm.