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Research Methodology: Techniques and Trends

 
Y.K. Singh (Author) R.B. Bajpai (Author)
Synopsis The term science may be thought of as an approach to the gathering of knowledge rather than as a field of subject matter. Science, put simply consists of two primary functions: (1) the development of theory and (2) the testing of substantive hypotheses that are deduced from theory. The scientist, therefore, is engaged in the use, modification, and/or creation of theory. The scientist may emphasize an empirical approach in which data collection is the primary method, a rational approach in which logical and deductive reasoning is primary, or a combination of these approaches, which is most common. Regardless of the emphasis, the scientist begins with a set of ideas that direct the effort and with a goal that entails the development or testing of theory. It was only when people began to think systematically about thinking itself that the era of logic began. The first systematic approach to reasoning, attributed to Aristotle and the Greeks, was the deductive method. The categorical syllogism was one model of thinking that prevailed among early philosopher. Syllogistic reasoning established a logical relationship between a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion. A major premise is a self-evident assumption, previously established by metaphysical truth or dogma that concerns a relationship; a minor premise is a particular case related to the major premise. Frequently researchers are interested in complex problems, the full investigation of which requires a series of studies. The approach is known as programmatic research and usually combines the inductive and deductive methods in a continuously alternating pattern. The researcher may begin with a number of observations from which a hypothesis is derived (inductive reasoning). Then the researcher proceeds deductively to determine the consequences that are to be expected if the hypothesis is true. Data are then collected through the inductive method of verify, reject, or modify the hypothesis. Based on the findings of this study, the researcher goes on to formulate more hypotheses to further investigate the complex problem under study. Thus, the researcher is continually moving back and forth between the inductive method of observation and data collection and the deductive method of hypothesizing the anticipated consequences to events. This work will be of value to educationists, scholars and social thinkers who have an interest in the distance education reconstruction of our society as well as those who have a concern fore personal growth and a larger, more comprehensive concept of man than the one provided by modern civilization.
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About the author

Y.K. Singh

Dr. Y.K. Singh (b. 1964) obtained his three Post-graduation in 1988 and M.Ed. in 1984 from Meerut University, Meerut. He obtained his Ph.D. in Education from Meerut University in 1992 and started his professional career as a Lecturer in Education in a Teacher's training College, Ajmer (1988-89), Rajasthan University, Jaipur, (1981-91) and has served as a lecture in the department of education from (1991-2000) and Asst. Director, Institute of Information and Science (2002-2003) with In-Charge, Computer Centre from (Sept., 2000 to Nov., 2003), in Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya, Chitrakoot (Sama), M.P. He has obtained his computer certificates and diploma from the New Horizon's, Lodhi Road, New Dlhi (between 2000 to 2003). It is one of the best institution in computer training and education inIndia. Dr. singh has to his credit nearly 22 Research Papers and ARticles published in various outstanding Journals of repute; attended and actively participated in more than 15 regional, National Seminars, Conferneces and Workships. Life members and office bearers of some professional and academic associations and is a teacher and researcher in the field of Education. Dr. Singh has written more than 23 books in the language of Hindi and English. He has conducted more than 5 educational research projects and his areas of interest besides the present one are Education for rural people and Visually Handicapped, Psychology of Education, Research Methodology, Teacher Education, Technology of Teaching, School Administration and Supervision. He is memebr and advisor in many national and Internationa committees. Dr. Singh has visited so many countries, i.e., Japan in the year 2000-2001, Ching Mai University, Ching Mai, Thailand in the month of Dec. 2003 to attend Malaysia and Singapore to udnerstand their education system.

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Bibliographic information

Title Research Methodology: Techniques and Trends
Format Hardcover
Date published: 29.08.2007
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 8131302583
length viii+352p., Tables; Figures.