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Population and Biodiversity

 
M.Lakshmi Narasaiah (Author)
Synopsis During the 1970's, one of the population trends was the reduction in the total fertility rate in several key countries, including the world's two largest nations--China and India. (the fertility rate measures the average number of children born to women in their childbearing years.) In China, the rate dropped precipitously, from 6.4 children per woman in 1968 to 2.2 in 1980. In India, the decline was more modest, but still significant: from 5.8 children per woman between 1966 and 1971 to 4.8 children 1976 and 1981. These trends helped slow the rate of world population growth from2.1 per cent between 1965 and 1970 to 1.7 per cent between 1975 and 1980. At that point, however, the decline in the number of children that women were having in these two population giants stalled. In China, despite the most aggressive and least democratic population control program in the world, the fertility rate remained around 2.5 throughout much of the 1980s as couples continued to want to marry young and to have two or more children. In India, the overzealous promotion of family planning by the ruling congress party through 1977 apparently backfired after the party's defeat and progress toward lower birth rates ran out of steam. One important lesson from these experiences is that governments must do more than just supply contraceptives: they need to lower the demand for children by making fundamental changes that improve women's lives and increase their access to and control over money, credit, and other resources.
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About the author

M.Lakshmi Narasaiah

Dr. M. Lakshmi Narasaiah, has been working as Professor and Head, Department of Economics, Sri Krishnadevaraya University Post-Graduate Centre, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh. He is a Post-Graduate in Economics and has secured first rank. He has received Ph.D., Degree from Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, in 1987. He has worked as UGC JRF and UGC SRF. Starting his professional career as an Assistant Professor of Economics in Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, he has been actively engaged in teaching and research for the past twenty years. He was associated with the Government of Andhra Pradesh. Planning Department in the center for planning and Development studies projects. He has extensively travelled abroad. He has to his credit 175 research papers published in reputed National and International Journals, a large number of book reviews and seminar papers besides supervising M.Phil., and Ph.D., studies. He is also working on number of research projects. He has frequently participated in national and international conference. He is author of 27 books. Prof. M. Lakshmi Narasaiah is a member of large number of national and international associations and is associated with academic in several universities and professional organization. He has been acting as a member of the "Review Committee" he various international economic journals.

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Bibliographic information

Title Population and Biodiversity
Format Hardcover
Date published: 23.01.2006
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 8183560652
length viii+172p.