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Penugonda Fort: A Defence Capital of Vijayanagara Empire

R. Vasantha (Author)
Synopsis Penugonda, is well known as one of the capitals of the Vijayanagaras, next to Hampi. Penugonda and its surroundings enjoyed importance as capitals of the different dynasties in the pre-Vijayanagara days and continued to enjoy the historical importance of eminence under the Vijayanagaras. Penugonda geographically occupies a strategic position. It controls a threshold midway between the western ghats and the lowlands of the eastern coast. Located in the dry uplands of Rayalaseema it was not coveted by the rulers of Southern India because it commanded a fertile environment but because the rugged hill on which the fort was built provided them with a stronghold in a crucial area. The Hoysalas established an outpost here so as to defend their conquests against their rivals in the east. When the rulers of Vijayanagara replaced the Hoysalas, Bukka moved to Penugonda. This indicated the thrust towards the south of this newborn empire. Special attention has been devoted in this book to the religious history of this town which was a centre of worship for Hindus, Jains and Muslims as numerous rulers built and maintained temples and mosques. In addition to evaluating the inscriptions, the author has provided detailed plans and descriptions of the major temples and surveyed the images installed in these temples. This will be of special interest to art historians.
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About the author

R. Vasantha

Dr. (Mrs.) R. Vasantha has been working as Professor in the Department of History at Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, India since 1983. In 1995 she was selected as a DAAD fellow and was attached to the Orientalisches Seminar Albert-Ludwigs-Universittat, Freiburg, Germany. In 2000, she was a CWIT fellow and carried her research at The Institute for Advanced Studies in Art and Humanities, Edinburgh. In 1970-1973, she was an UGC fellow at the University of Mysore. She has been awarded Senior Fellowship from the Department of Culture, HRD, Government of India for the project, “Study of monuments and sculptures through the image technique – a new approach” 2001-2003. Among Prof. Vasantha’s most important publications are: The Narayana Svami Temple at Melkote-a Historical and Archaeological study (Government of Karnataka, 1992); Penugonda Fort – A Defence Capital of the Vijayanagara Empire – History, Art and Culture (Delhi 1999); Nava-Narasimha Temples at Ahobilam – A Sociological and Archaeological study (Tirupati, 2000); Islamic Architecture of Deccan (Co-author Dr. M.A. Mannan Basha). Her research articles are published in various International journals.

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Bibliographic information

Title Penugonda Fort: A Defence Capital of Vijayanagara Empire
Author R. Vasantha
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2000
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 818561668X
length 145p., Figures; Plates; Maps; Appendices; Bibliography; 25cm.