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The Doctrine of Ultimate Reality in Sikh Religion: A Study of Guru Nanak's Hymns in the Adi Grantha

James Massey (Author)
Synopsis Sikh religion though comparatively young among the world religions, has its adherents all over the world.  Several good studies dealing with the teachings of Guru Nanak, its founder and the general tenets of Sikh religion are available.  Yet there is hardly any work which deals with the cardinal doctrine of Sikh religion.

The present study concentrating on the cardinal doctrine of Ultimate Reality in Nanak’s hymns attempts to fill this gap.  It addresses such important questions as ‘Is the Ultimate Reality as seen by Nanak absolute or personal or both?’, ‘Is the transcendent or immanent or both?’, ‘How does Nanak Address it or does it have any name?’, Is this Reality with attributes or without?’, ‘What is the relationship of this Reality with the visible universe including human beings?’, ‘Can this Reality be known?’,‘If so, how?’

The study is divided in five chapters.  Starting with an introduction, the first chapter makes a detailed study of the key phrase of Mul Lantr, Ik Omkar based on the contents of Nanak’s hymns.  Chapters two presents a brief survey of the various names used by Nanak for Ultimate Reality to facilitate proper grasp of deeper meanings of the doctrine.  Chapter three examines the various attributes of the doctrine.  One of the main attributes of the doctrine viz. Karata has been separately discussed in the succeeding chapter.  The key to the relevation of Ultimate Reality – gur prasadi has been studied in Chapter five. This is followed by a summary of the whole study and the conclusion.  A detailed glossary has been provided to facilitate understanding of various vernacular terms used in the book.  A perceptive work on Sikh religion in particular and comparative religion in general.
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About the author

James Massey

The Rev. Dr Habil, James Massey is currently the General-Secretary/ Director of Dalit Solidarity Peoples in India, which is a national multi-faith movement. He is also the Hon. Director of the Centre for Dalit Studies, New Delhi. He also worked actively for inter-faith dialogue in the Indian context with special interest in Sikh religion. For his work in Sikh religion he was awarded Doctor of Philosophy by Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, Frankfurt, Germany, and again Post-Doctoral Academic Degree (Habilitation) in the field of Religious Studies by the same university. Dr. Massey is the translator of the Punjabi Bible and has authored and edited more than 20 books, which includes: Masihiata: Ika Paricaya (Punjabi, 1976); Doctrine of the Ultimate Reality in Sikh Religion (1990); Towards Dalit Hermeneutics: Re-Reading the Text, the History and the Literature (1994); Dalits in India: Religion as a Source of Bondage or Liberation with Special Reference to Christians (1995); Roots of Dalit History, Christianity, Theology and Spirituality (1996); Down Trodden: The Struggle of India’s Dalits for Identity, Solidarity and Liberation, (1997); Current Challenges and Church Response (1998) and Dalits: Issues and Concerns (1998). His recent publications include Minorities in Democracy: The Indian Experience (1999), and Minorities and Religious Freedom in a Democracy (2003). He has also published a number of papers in academic books and journals.

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Bibliographic information

Title The Doctrine of Ultimate Reality in Sikh Religion: A Study of Guru Nanak's Hymns in the Adi Grantha
Author James Massey
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2010
Edition Reprint.
Language: English
isbn 8185425388, 9788185425382
length 175p., Tables; Glossary; Bibliography; Index; 23cm.