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The Roots, Verb-Forms and Primary Derivatives of The Sanskrit Language

William Dwight Whitney (Author)
Synopsis This work if intended especially as a supplement to the author's Sanskrit Grammar giving in fuller deail what was not possible nor admissible as part of grammar itself, all the quotable roots of the language, with the tense and conjugation-sstems made from them, and with the noun and adjective (infinitivel and participial) formations that attach themselves most closely to the verb, and further, with the other derivative noun and adjective-stems usually classed as primary, since these also are needed, if one would have a comprehensive view of the value of a given root in the language. And everything given is dated with such accuracy as the information thus far in hand allows- whether found in the language throughout its whole history, or limited to a certain period. Throughout the work, accent-signs are applied only where the word is found actually so marked in accentuated texts. In the index of stems given at the end of the volume, a classification is adopted which is intended to facilitate historical comprehension of the language, by distinguishing what belongs respectively to its older and to its later period. The author has acknowledged using and excerpting the Great St. Pertersburg Lexicon of Bohtlingk and Roth, especially as concerns the epic and classical literature.
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About the author

William Dwight Whitney

William Dwight Whitney (1827–1894) was an American linguist, philologist, and lexicographer who edited The Century Dictionary. Born in Northampton, Massachusetts, February 9, 1827. He entered Williams College at fifteen, graduating in 1845. He continued studying and worked at a bank in Northampton for several years, then assisted his brother Josiah Whitney on a geological survey of the Lake Superior region in 1849. For three years, he studied Sanskrit in Germany, and gained wide reputation for his scholarship in the field. At Yale, he became professor of Sanskrit in 1854, adding comparative philology in 1869. He also taught modern languages at the Sheffield Scientific School. He served as secretary to the American Oriental Society from 1857 until he became its president in 1884.

Whitney revised definitions for the 1864 edition of Webster's American Dictionary, and in 1869 became a founder and first president of the American Philological Association. He wrote metrical translations of the Vedas, and numerous papers on the Vedas and linguistics, many of which were collected in the Oriental and Linguistic Studies series (1872–74). He wrote several books on language, and grammar textbooks of English, French, German, and Sanskrit. In his Course in General Linguistics in the chapter on the 'Immutability and Mutability of the Sign', Ferdinand de Saussure credits Whitney with insisting on the arbitrary nature of the linguistic signs.

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Bibliographic information

Title The Roots, Verb-Forms and Primary Derivatives of The Sanskrit Language
Format Hardcover
Date published: 31.12.2006
Edition Reprint.
Language: English
isbn 8120804848, 9788120804845
length xiii+250p., Abbreviations; Index; 22cm.