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Prehistoric Environment and Archaeology of The Krishna-Tungabhadra Doab

J. Varaprasada Rao (Author)
Synopsis The book carried out a systematic study of Prehistoric cultures by using geomorphic, ecological and ethnographic analogy as parameters and reconstructed the cultural process of human occuption from hunter-gatherer to early farming and colonizing stage in the Krishna-Tungabhadra Doab. This region was under the threat of submergence by the Srisailam Hydro-Electric Dam project, hence as a part of salvage archeology this task was taken up. The study was done on the new discoveries and also using earlier finds so as to glean the complete picture of the cultural development. There are evidences from Lower Palaeolithic to Megalithic with continuation into early historical sites in the valley occupying along the banks of the rivers. The sites are found in primary and stratified contexts, which enable to understand the development of civilization. It is a micro regional study where more emphasis was given on the Prehistoric culture besides dealing the outlines of the Neolithic and Megalithic cultures. The distribution of sites was done in relation to their topographical settings against the background of their ecology, raw materials, water source and Quaternary deposits and established the man-land relationship within the chronological frame work. The Quaternary deposits were found in the form of High Level Gravels and Older Alluvium, some how or other which are related to the sites that help to draw the climatic conditions and atleast there were tow cycles of wet and dry climatic phases during Stone Age times. The ethnographic analogy was taken from the local tribe ‘Chenchus’ who are living contiguous to the Prehistoric sites gave insights as regards the seasonal migrations, types of temporary dwellings, their hunting practices and food economy. Their tools kit is also very significant to have parallels with the Stone Age tools kit. Thus the author had utilized all possible traits in reconstructing the settlement system of the Prehistoric people in the Krishna-Tungabhadra Doab.
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About the author

J. Varaprasada Rao

J. Varaprasada Rao (1955) obtained his Masters degree in Ancient Indian History and Archaeology from the Nagarjuna University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh (1978) and Doctorate from Deccan College, Postgraduate and Research Institute, University of Poona (1992), Pone. Employed as a Technical Assistant in Birla Archaeological and Cultural Research Institute, Hyderabad and participated in Veera-puram and Vaddamanu Excavations in A.P. and co-authored Veerapuram excavation Report (1984). Entered as Technical Assistant in Archaeological Survey of India, Hyderabad Circle and did Village to Village Survey and participated in many excavations at Kudavalli Sangameswaram, Alampur, Ghantasala, Sannati (in Collaboration with Society for South Asian Studies, United Kingdom) in Karnataka, Amaravati and Adurru. Served in Mattancherry Palace Museum in Cochin, Guwahati Circle, Goa. Conducted excavations at Paithan in Maharastra (in Collaboration with Society for South Asian Studies, United Kingdom), and conducting at Chandor in Goa. Visited France and Portugal in academic ventures. Co-Authored the books entitled 1. Veerapuram a type site for cultural study in the Krishna Valley (1984), 2. Excavations at Sannathi (1986-89) as Memoirs series 93 of Archaeological Survey of India, 3. Early Brahmi Inscriptions from Sannati (1993). Published many papers on topics like Prehistory, Coins, Inscriptions, early brick temple architecture in different national and international journals. Participated in Marine Archaeological Investigations in the waters of Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal.

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Bibliographic information

Title Prehistoric Environment and Archaeology of The Krishna-Tungabhadra Doab
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2002
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 8186050744
length xxii+242p., Figures; Tables; Plates; Maps; Bibliography: Index; 29cm.