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Shakespearean Comedies

 
Sarbani Putatunda (Author)
Synopsis According to the social historians of England, after the economic and religious unrest of the middle Tudor period, the freedom preached by the humanists rejuvenated in a way the moral of the entire nation. And Shakespeare having chanced upon the best time in which to live had ample opportunity to exercise, with least distraction and most encouragement, the highest faculties of man. His comedies, therefore, register most comprehensively the characteristics of the congenial social atmosphere of his time. The saturnalia presented in his comedies are not inimical to the positive aspects of a new bourgeois social set-up, which facilitated the notions of peace and order. But inside the large England, which still retained the remnants of monarchy and/or aristocracy, society was afflicted by many discordant elements, which Shakespeare never failed to notice and record. As an assiduous comic playwright, he infused in his saturnalia the hints of many social injustices, the oppressive patriarchy (Egeon and his diktats against his daughter for daring to choose her own husband in A Midsummer Night’s Dream), the crisis of aristocracy (Sir Toby and his likes), the degeneration of moral values leading to an erosion of social values in a mercantile society, and the historical retrospection of the turbulent past. The infusion though pronounced in his early comedies is not entirely absent in the middle comedies, which contain elements of social realism behind a romantic exterior. The audience would naturally realize that both the early and the middle comedies of Shakespeare were interlinked in the context of the social realism of the Elizabethan period. The delicate of Oberon and Titania in a Midsummer Night’s Dream, for instance, represent a different version of matrimony throughout causing the reader to question the validity of the institution. Likewise in the Taming of the Shrew one is at a loss at the end of the play when kate appears to be more subservient than either her sister or the widow. Has marriage actually tamed her or has she relinquished her past misdemeanors willingly because she has fallen in love with Petruchio? The world in Twelfth Night is also clearly demarcated into two classes –the landowning wealthy aristocrats and titular aristocrats whom Lawrence classifies as the ‘declassed aristocrats’. The historical retrospection of the past is made clearer at this apparently incongruent point, than in all other romantic comedies. The book would definitely prove valuable to students and teachers concerned with Shakespearean works.
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About the author

Sarbani Putatunda

Sarbani Putatunda, Ph.D. in English, is basically an academician who has spent her entire professional tenure in teaching English to students of all levels. Presently she is employed in a reputed girls college of North Kolkata. She is also pursuing research work both on Shakespeare and on Indo-Anglian writings. She has a number of research papers to her credit published in various literary journals. In addition, she has translated a Bengali book Autobiography of Padmasree Manna Dey which is in the pipeline for publication.

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Bibliographic information

Title Shakespearean Comedies
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2006
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 8126906847
length x+214p., Notes; Bibliography; Index; 23cm.