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Encyclopaedia of SAARC (In 4 Volumes)

 
S K Sharma (Editor) S.K. Chaturvedi (Editor) Madhurendra Kumar (Editor)
Synopsis SAARC, a novel organization, in its own right, is small but, quite significant. It’s not EU or Arab League or OPEC, but, its SAARC, relevant for the region, it comes up from SAARC was the first attempt for along journey towards the unification of South Asian countries in terms of socio-economic dimensions. After four and half years of ground work, SAARC came into being on 8th December, 1985. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation was founded with the cardinal objective of accentuating the economic process and social development among the Member States, Through Concerted action in agreed areas. SAARC, as of now, comprises seven countries of South Asia, i.e. India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Maldives. In November, 1980 the idea of regional cooperation in South Asia was first mooted. In April 1981 the Seven Countries Foreign Secretaries met for the first time in Colombo for consultations. The ‘follow-up meeting of the whole committee after a couple of months, helped the member countries to identify the broad areas of regional cooperation. Then, in august 1983 at their first meeting in New Delhi, the foreign Ministers adopted in declaration on South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and formally launched the integrated Programme of Action (IPA) in five agreed areas of cooperation, namely; Agriculture, Rural Development, Telecommunication, Meteorology, Health, Population Activities, Transport, Postal services and Scientific and Technological Cooperation, Sports, Arts and Culture were later added to the IPA. The Heads of States or Governments at their first SAARC Summit held in Dhaka on 7-8 December, 1985 adopted the Charter, formally establishing the South Asian Association for regional Cooperation-SAARC. The names of the organs of the SAARC are Summit, Council of Ministers, Standing Committee and Technical Committee. Summit is the highest authority of the Association which vests with the heads of states or Governments, Who meet annually at the apex level. The second SAARC organ, the Council of Ministers Of Member States in responsible for policy formulations, reviewing progress, deciding on new areas of cooperation, establishing additional mechanism as deemed necessary and deciding on other matters of general interest to the Association. Comprising the Foreign Secretaries of Member States, the standing Committee is vested with the determining inter-sectorial priorities, mobilizing regional and external resources, and identifying new areas of cooperation. It may meet as often as deemed necessary. This committee is assisted by a programming committee, an adhoc body, comprising senior officials, to scrutinize the Secretariat Budget, finalise the calendar of activities and take up and other matter assigned to it by the standing committee. Technical Committees Comprise representatives from the member states. These committees formulate programmes and prepare projects in their respective fields, which make up the integrated programme of Action under SAARC. They are entrusted with the task of monitoring the implementation of such activities and take up any other matter assigned to it by the standing committee. Technical Committees Comprise representatives from the member states. These committees formulate programmes and prepare projects in their respective fields, which make up the integrated programme of Action under SAARC. They are entrusted with the task of monitoring the implementation of such activities and submitting their report to the standing committee through the programming committee. Since the establishment of the association, several other important meeting have taken place in specific contexts. The ninth SAARC Summit had decided that the Environment Ministers meeting would be held annually. Incidentally, countries in the fold of SAARC are economically backward. Except India, among other six countries, there is little economic disparity. Further, almost all these nations bear a cultural similarity. Among the seven countries in the SAARC, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal are in India subcontinent and Sri Lanka and Maldives in Indian Ocean. So far thirteen meetings of the heads of states have held: Dhaka (1985), Bangalore (1986), Kathmandu (1987), Islamabad (1988), Male (1990), Colombo (1991), Dhaka (1993), New Delhi (1995), Male (1997) Colombo (1998), Kathmandu (2002), Islamabad (2004), and Dhaka (2005). This multi-volume on SAARC comprises four independent books, Namely: (i) SAARC: Past and Present, (ii) SAARCE: Member Nations, (iii) SAARC: The Summits, (iv) SAARC: Economic Cooperation. Thus, it virtually covers all aspects and Dimensions of SAARC, in a very comprehensive manner. All efforts have been put into make this work informative and phenomenal. Evidently, this book will find a proper place among academics, Students and General readers alike.
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About the authors

S K Sharma

Suresh K. Sharma (b. 1946) an alumnus of Delhi University, opted for the library profession after obataining post-graduation in Modern Indian History and Bachelor of Library Science in the early seventies. Documentation bibliography and indexing have been his special forte. He has to his credit, a number of publications and to name a few: Fifty Years of Indian Historical Writings, Social Sciences in Modern India, Kashmir Through the Ages, Delhi Through the Ages, Cultural and Religious Heritage of India, Encyclopaedia of Higher Education: The Indian perspective.

S.K. Chaturvedi

S.K. Chaturvedi is professor and head department of Political Science and Coordinator of Public Administration, Chaudhary Charan Singh University (formerly Meerut University) Meerut. He has been engaged in teaching Post Graduate and M.Phil students and in supervising research projects of Ph.D. scholars for more than two decades. He has authored and edited ten books and sixty papers and articles of which one and half a dozen formulate chapters of books in the areas of South Asian Politics and Relations, Criminal Justice Administration and India Political System. Dr. Chaturvedi has received Govind Ballabh Pant Award constituted by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, New Delhi for writing the History of Police in India. He also edits a bi-annual journal and is advisor to Vikas Paricharcha, a journal of the department of Public Administration, Lucknow University, Lucknow (U.P) Member of several academic associations of the national repute; professor Chaturvedi is currently the Vice President of Indian political Science Association.

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Madhurendra Kumar

Madhurendra Kumar is M.A. in Politics from the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi and Ph.D. from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. He is a senior Reader in Political Science at Hindu College, Moradabad. Currently, he is associated with the Department of Political Science, C.C.S. University, Meerut as UGC Research Awardee. He has several research papers and a book published to his credit. He is life member of various professional bodies and a columnist on International Affairs in monthly magazines. He has been actively participating in international and National Seminars Conferences and symposia. He is also an Associate of the India Institute of Advance Study, Rashtrapati Niwas, Shimla.

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Bibliographic information

Title Encyclopaedia of SAARC (In 4 Volumes)
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2006
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 8189645285
length xv+384p., xvi+378p., xiii+445p., xiv+412p., Tables; Bibliography; Index; 23cm.