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The Garrison State: The Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab, 1849-1947

Tan Tai Yong (Author)
Synopsis Following the Mutiny of 1857, various factors impelled the British to turn to the province of Punjab in North-Western India as the principal recruiting ground for the Indian Army. This book examines the processes by which the politics and political economy of colonial Punjab was militarized by the province's position as the "sword arm" of the Raj. Additionally, it explains the relationship between the military and society in colonial India. The militarization of the administration in the Punjab was characterized by a conjunction of the military, civil and political authorities. This led to the emergence of a uniquely civil-military regime, a phenomenon that was not replicated anywhere else in British India, indeed in the empire. Analysing these events, this book: Studies the manner in which the Punjab became the main recruiting ground for the Indian Army. Looks at how certain districts were selected for military recruitment, and the factors motivating the "military classes" among the Punjabis to join the army. Discusses the effects of the First World War on the recruitment process in the Punjab. Highlights the role the civil-military regime played in the politics of the Punjab, its survival after the Second World War and the manner in which it handled the demand for Pakistan and the subsequent partitioning of the province. Based on extensive archival research, this book is perhaps the first to throw light on an important yet little-known period of the Punjab's history. It will be of considerable interest to historians, political scientists and sociologists, as well as to those interested in military studies, the British Empire and the history of the Punjab.
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About the author

Tan Tai Yong

Tan Tai Yong, a Professor of History, was appointed Director of the Institute of South Asian Studies on 1 June 2008. He is concurrently Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at the National University of Singapore.

He has written extensively on South Asian history as well as on Southeast Asia and Singapore. His recent books include Creating Greater Malaysia: Decolonization and the Politics of Merger (2008); Partition and Post-Colonial South Asia: A Reader (co-edited, 2007): The Garrison State (2005), The Aftermath of Partition in South Asia (co-authored, 2000) and The Transformation of Southeast Asia: International Perspectives on De-colonization (co-edited, 2003).

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Bibliographic information

Title The Garrison State: The Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab, 1849-1947
Author Tan Tai Yong
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2005
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 8178294729
length 335p., Maps; Tables.
Subjects History