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Rural Poverty: Assessment and Livelihood Strategies

 
M. Biswanath Sinha (Author) Koane Mindjimba (Author) Alain Jarne (Author)
Synopsis Poverty has been a subject of much discussions and debates. But poverty itself is not only the single constraining part for the people, particularly in the rural context. Important factors are the vulnerability context in which local communities live and work, and also some of the livelihood strategies they pursue. The approach used in this book, which focuses on the hamlet, describes three dimensions (caste belonging, landownership, and women's illiteracy), while thematic cartography enlightens spatial disparities in development interventions. One of livelihood strategies is Joint Forest Management (JFM). Most forests in tropical countries have undergone gradual destruction and degradation for many years owing to the expanding human and livestock populations, as well as rapid urbanisation and industrialisation. Given the hydrological, ecological and socio-economic role of this natural resource, JFM, a new decentralised, people-oriented programme aims not only to rehabilitate forest degraded lands, but also to bring about more benefits to the local communities in a sustainable manner. The second livelihood strategy has to do with micro-credit through women's Self-Help Groups (SHGs). Indeed, poor and vulnerable groups, particularly women have been subjected to different kinds of exploitation in the absence of economic empowerment and viable local institutions. As the book contends, these two strategies are effective ways of empowering local communities so that they can take responsibility for their own development and destinies on a sustainable basis, improving their livelihoods and hence overcoming their poverty. The book discusses some of the challenges faced in this context. It also strives to foster an understanding of the key issues raised while suggesting a few pathways in this direction to the institutions concerned. The area chosen for this study is Padavedu Panchayat in Tamil Nadu in South India.
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About the authors

M. Biswanath Sinha

M. Biswanath Sinha (b. 1972) holds a B. Tech degree in Agricultural Engineering from Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology (OUAT), Bhubaneswar, India and a PG Certificate degree in Technology and Sustainable Development from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) – Madras. Mr. Sinha has worked in grass root level development initiatives in many parts of India through national leading non government organizations (NGOs) like Professional Assistance for Development Action (PRADAN) and Society for Promotion of Wastelands Development (SPWD). His areas of expertise include natural resource management, irrigated agriculture, watershed development, micro-finance, income generation for poor and institution building.

Koane Mindjimba

Koane Mindjimba (b. 1956) holds an M.Sc. in Fisheries Economics from the University of Portsmouth Centre for the Economics and Management of Aquatic Resources (United Kingdom) and the Agricultural Engineering degree from the National Advanced School of Agriculture (Yaounde, Cameroon). He also earned four professional and postgraduate certificates in Development Project Impact Monitoring and Evaluation (Germany, 2003), Technology and Sustainable Development (India, 2002), Coastal Fishing Technology (Japan, 1990), and Marine Fisheries (Belgium, 1989). He currently serves as the Monitoring the Evaluation Officer for the Livestock and Fisheries Development Project at the South West Development Authority in Cameroon.

Alain Jarne

Alain Jarne (b. 1973) holds a masters degree in Geography from University of Lausanne, Switzerland and Post Graduate Certificate in Technology and Sustainable Development from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) – Madras. Mr. Jarne presently works as a Consultant for the statistical division of United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. His other publications include Albania. Mapping Census 2001 (2004). He also worked in Institute of Geography at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland. His important dissertations include Geographie du nationalisme hindou (1999, 1280), a cultural and political approach of spatial aspects of Hindu nationalism and Thematic Atlas La population de I’Inde: structures et dynamiques spatiales (1998, 137p).

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Bibliographic information

Title Rural Poverty: Assessment and Livelihood Strategies
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2005
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 8170893216
length xxii+163p., Tables; Figures; Maps; References; Appendices; 23cm.