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Science in Archaeology and Archaeo-Materials

 
Arun Kumar Biswas (Editor)
Synopsis Archaeology seeks to reconstruct the past by critically analyzing various archaeo-remains such as artifacts, monuments, fossils etc. While much of what archaeology teaches, such as the postulates regarding the origin of the universe, social organization in pre-historic times, the division of time periods etc., rightfully belong to the domain of conjecture, the ever-increasing use of tools derived from the various sciences – in particular the material and digital sciences – is rapidly justifying the description of archaeology as “the most basic of sciences.” This book, in which twenty-six authors have collaborated to present fifteen articles, seeks to level a new focus on archaeology and underscore the importance of using scientific knowledge and methods in its pursuit. This book can be broadly segmented as the section on “Science in Archaeological Studies” and “Science in Archaeo-material Studies.” To that end, the very first leading article in this monograph reviews the “two cultures” inherent in archaeology and strongly endorses the scientific aspect. The recent contributions of modern science towards archaeological research have been reviewed in this article and strongly recommended to the young learners and researchers for emulation. Thereafter, methods as diverse as radio-carbon dating; remote sensing in archaeological surveys aided by micro-electronics; genetic perspective of the Indian population; analysis of archaeological residues and slag, Indian pottery and archaeo-metals; use of non-destructive testing methodologies etc., are discussed in detail. These articles will serve as pointers for future generations of archaeologists in their quest for more exhaustive and verifiable knowledge.
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About the author

Arun Kumar Biswas

Arun Kumar Biswas (b. 1934) educated at the Calcutta University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, has been Professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (1963-1995) and, since 1995 at the Asiatic Society, Calcutta. An authority on applied chemistry, surface chemistry, mineral engineering, archaeo-metallurgy, history of science, and the Ramakrishna-Vivekananda literature, Professor Biswas continues to nurture concepts of archaeo-material science, futuristic emphasis on the history of civilization, and lastly syncretism of science, spirituality and the Vedantic concept of socialism (samya). His published work comprises about a hundred articles and over a dozen books that not only reflect the versatility of his academic / research concerns, but have also brought him international recognition.

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Bibliographic information

Title Science in Archaeology and Archaeo-Materials
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2005
Edition 1st ed.
Publisher D K Printworld
Language: English
isbn 8124603111
length x+374p., Figures; Tables; Plates; Index; 29cm.