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Social Capability and Rural Industrialisation

Rachna Mujoo (Author) R.T. Tewari (Author) Brijesh Tewari (Author)
Synopsis As transpires from writings of Simon Kuznets, social capability plays a pivotal role in accelerated development of Less Developed Countries (LDCs). In its pursuance, the present study based on this novel theme endeavours primarily to assess and analyse the relative contribution of social capability to rural industrialization in the reorganized State of Uttar Pradesh. The study comes out with so many findings of crucial importance and only few ones strategically more meaningful are taken here for special mention. To begin with, it is seen that UP’s economy is passing through the phase of pre-mature tertiarisation and growth of income originating from the manufacturing sector shows sluggishness. Inspite, there has been a tendency of fast growing consumerism predominantly biased to major industry groups of food products, readymade garments, wood works, leather goods and metal products. But the deteriorating status with mounting sickness of SSIs calls for a detailed reviewing of the interest of the sector and invites radical change to stand upto the growing competitiveness through matching of State efforts with active involvement of the private sector. A majority of districts constituting the State are found to have been suffering from inadequacies of social, human and infrastructural capabilities, besides showing widening nature of set of prioritization based on their degree of deprivations is suggested for its enforcement at the micro-level with a view to not only minimizing the variance within and maximizing it between the regions but also reinforcing enhancement of social capability through out the State. Spatially, a skewed type of rural industrialization still continues to exist in the State with much larger (Western and Central) as compared to the backward ones (Easter and Bundelkhand). In sequel, as many as 40 out of the total 70 districts, which have their levels of rural industrialization below the State level average, are designated as industrially backward. Based on analysis of the coefficients arrived at through application of multiple regression models, the degree of urbanization-viz-a-viz other associated variables emerges as the most powerful explanatory variable for the observed variations in levels of rural industrialization. It would, therefore, be imperative to follow a two-pronged approach of ‘rural industrialization –via-urbanisation’ and a simultaneous development of rural settings for gearing up the tempo of rural industrialization in the State. The commercialization of agriculture (Com. AGR), in order of importance, comes to the next, followed by social capability. The coefficient of these two variables are, no doubt, positive but not significant. However, considering the further scope of its coverage and the growing demand for its raw material, Com. AGR. Deserves special priority in any strategy of agricultural development. Besides, while planning for bridging gaps in human development and infrastructure, an utmost care will be needed to ensure to only its adequacy but also its utilization through efficient delivery system. Finally, the performance of financed units in terms of value added per worker both at the State and the regional levels is found to be significantly higher than those of non-financed units. Hence, need of the hour is that Government should come forward to introduce some new monetary incentive schemes for modernization, diversification and technological advancement of small scale industries. Alternatively, to eliminate the on-going discriminatory treatment, the existing monetary incentive schemes of KVI can also be considered for their extension to SSI sector. Thus, it is hoped that the book will be of immense use to policy makers, planners and researchers including management experts.
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About the authors

Rachna Mujoo

Rachna Mujoo is one of the Senior faculty in the Department of Applied Economics, Lucknow University. A post-graduate of Lucknow University and a Ph.D. in Economics of Kanpur University, Ms. Mujoo has already devoted nearly one and half decades' time to teaching under/post-graduate students and researching certain selected areas of development economics particularly infrastructure, human resource development and rural industrialisation, besides contributing research papers to reputed journals of India. Her earlier books are: 'Technological change and Industrial Development: Indian Experiences' and 'Uttaranchal: Infrastructure and Economic Development' in joint authorship

R.T. Tewari

R.T. Tewari, a postgraduate and Ph.D. in Economics from Lucknow University has been working as an Honorary Director, ICDR, Lucknow since since his superannuation from the position of Advisor, Economic Planning, government of Utter Pradesh in 1995. Besides holding key positions in State Planning Institut, Lucknow, Dr. Tewari has also served as Senior fellow in GIDS, Lucknow during 1980-88. His areas of interest include regional planning, infrastructure, human resource development and rura industrialisation. He is hobbyist of guiding researches in development economics. Dr. Tewari, as an awardee of U.N. Fellowships, attended International Workshop on 'Population Planning and Area Development' organised by APDI, Thailand in 1978 and also participated in International training course on 'Regional Development Planning' as UNCRD, Nagoya, Japan in 1982, besides a country visit to China. Also as a guest faculty, he worked on 'Economic Infrastructure and Regional Development in India' at IDS, University of Sussex (England) during 1986. To his credit, he has published twenty five research papers in academic journals. This is his sixth book in series on development economics including the latest on 'Uttaranchal: Infrastructure and Economic Development' in Joint authorship.

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Brijesh Tewari

Brijesh Tewari, a postgraduate in Economics of 1995 batch from Lucknow University started his career with teaching under-graduate students in Jai Narayan Postgraduate College, Lucknow and subsequently in 1997 joined the GIDS, Lucknow, where he has been actively engaged in variuos research projects/studies. Simultaneously, he is pursuing for his doctoral research on 'Adequacy of infrastructure for industrial development in Eastern region of Uttar Pradesh'. his earlier book reads as: 'Uttaranchal: Infrastructure and Economic Development' in joint authorship.

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Bibliographic information

Title Social Capability and Rural Industrialisation
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2005
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 8176488577
length xxiv+235p., Tables; Appendix; Index; 22cm.