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Co-operatives and Dairy Development: Changing Destiny of Rural Women

V.M. Rao (Author)

Realizing the low status of women, Government of India made number of interventions for their socio-economic emancipation. Support to training and employment for women (STEP) is one among them, and Development of Women and Child Development, Minister of Human Resource Development, Government of India has been implementing the scheme since 1986-87. Women dairy project (WDP) is one of the components of STEP, and a holistic program in which various sub-systems are adequately looked into so as to achieve system’s overall objective. Under WDP, Women Dairy Cooperative Societies (WDCSs) owned, controlled, and managed by women only are promoted. Apart from providing financial support for planning and management of WDCSs, 10-15% of the budgets in the scheme are devoted to training women. Bihar is one of the states where STEP is being implemented for the last fifteen years. The state has completed four phases of WDP and organized women dairy cooperative societies in Barauni, Mithila, Ranchi, Shahabad, Tirhut, and Vaishali and Patliputra. The overall objective of the study is to evaluate impact of WDP (phase IV) in Bihar, and draw lessons for future policy planning. The study is based on 250 women drawn from 25 WDCSs spread over 6 milksheds. It revealed that WDP provided a forum for women to come together, and gave them an opportunity to interact directly with officials of the union, veterinarians, and officials from departments of health, adult education, industries, and NGOs. These societies not only provided control over money but also helped in organizing self help groups and various micro-enterprises. WDP helped in improving self respect, and self esteem. Empowerment at all levels improved considerably across unions. It also helped them to develop leadership qualities, entrepreneurship, and above all exposure to outside world. Based on the study, various interventions were suggested to improve overall performance of the program.

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About the author

V.M. Rao

V.M. Rao (b. 1954) holds a doctorate in Dairy Economics and is currently working as Professor and HOD, Department of Research and Publications at Vaikunth Mehta National Institute of Cooperative Management, Pune. He has earlier worked with National Institute of Rural Development, Hyderabad (1984-88), Ahmedabad (1988-92). On a British Council’s fellowship, Prof. Rao visited Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and United Kingdom. He has authored/co-authored six books: (a) Dairy Framing Socio-Economic analysis of Milk Production (1991), (b) Castor Economy: A Profile and analysis of India and International Market (1991), (c) International Castor Oil Market: An Econometric Analysis (1994), (d) Developing Agro Enterprises Among Farm Women: A Case of Amul (2000), (e) Empowering Farm Women through Dairy Cooperatives: A Study in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka (2003), and (f) Socio-Economic Status of Tribal women in Arunachal Pradesh (2003). Besides these books, he has published over 60 research papers in various professional journals/books. Dr. Rao also participated in a number of national and international seminars/conferences. His areas of interest are (a) animal husbandry economics, (b) agri-business management, and (c) gender related issues. He has completed 19 research studies sponsored by Government of India, ICSSR, and other state governments in the above areas during 1980-02. Currently, he is engaged in (a) integrating tribal women into cooperative: an experience of Girijan cooperative corporation, (b) impact of women dairy project in Orissa, and (c) impact of women dairy project (Phase 4) in Bihar.

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Bibliographic information

Title Co-operatives and Dairy Development: Changing Destiny of Rural Women
Author V.M. Rao
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2005
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 9788183240024
length xviii+172p., Plates; Tables; Appendices; Bibliography; Index; 22cm.