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Fertility Transition in Rural South India

Abusaleh Shariff (Author)
Synopsis This work reports the socio-economic correlates of the recent fertility decline in the rural areas of south India. After an in-depth discussion of the social and economic explores the aspects of differential fertility, effects of changing family structure, and intra-family relationship on fertility and pattern of fertility decision-making. A micro-demographic research methodology was used to undertake this investigation in a cluster of four villages about 65 km. Away from Bangalore. A beginning of fertility decline in this area was found running parallel to profound economic and social changes which have occurred especially since independence. Besides an important effect of declining infant and childhood mortalilty, the fertility decline was a function of material fertility associated with changes in the intrinsic behaviour of individuals. The behavioural changes were due to recent modification in intra-and inter-family relationship – the unilinearly extended family system appears to have given way to a bilateral extended system in which affines (wife’s side relatives) are playing a greater role in decision-making. The young are assuming decision-making responsibilities relatively early and women have progressed to a higher level of participation in the family and fertility decision making. The pattern is that such changes are more frequent in the large heterogeneous villages while the smaller and remote villages are yet to experience these forces of social change. A moderate increase in literacy, an exposure to urban influence and the growing importance of monetization have enabled villagers to think and act more independently than in the past and this has made them more secular. The study is an important reference work for academics and students of demography sociology, family welfare and rural development. Planers and development workers will find invaluable fact and figures to help in their policy-making.
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About the author

Abusaleh Shariff

Dr. Abusaleh Shariff has been working as an Associate Professor in the Population Research Unit of the Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore since 1985. He has a Ph.D. degree from the Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, and a Master's degree in Economics from Bangalore University. He served as a member of the research staff in the India Population Project, Karnataka, between 1974 and 1980. Dr. Shariff has participated and presented several papers in many national and international seminars and conferences, and is author of a number of papers. His more recent works include 'Child Survival: Some Cultural Factors Associated with Morbidity and Mortality in South India', 'Human Organization' and 'The Changing Family System: Woman's Status and Fertility Decision Making.'

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Bibliographic information

Title Fertility Transition in Rural South India
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.1989
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 812120268X
length xxii+340p., Figures; Tables; Maps; Notes; References; Index; 23cm.