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Folk Songs of Goa: Mando-Dulpods & Deknnis

Jose Pereira (Author) Micael Martins (Author) Antonio Da Costa (Author)
Synopsis Konkani Song, of which Goan Song is the preeminent brancah, is a treasury of the traditional music of the Indian subcontinent. It has at least 35 types monophonic and harmonic, the former prevalent before the Portuguese brought Western music into India, and the latter, consequent to the Western impact. It was in Goa that Indian musicians first began to compose in Western musical forms, incorporating into them motifs and nuances of their own immemorial tradition. Among these 35 types four were created to accompany social dancing; the Mando, the Mandodulpod, the Dulpod, and the Deknni. The Mando, the finest creation of Goan Song, is a slow verse-and-refrain composition, in six-four time, dealing with love, tragedy and contemporary events, both social and political. Aryan Books International has published two volumes on the Mando, entitled, Song of Goa, Vol. 1: Mandos of Yearning (2000); and Vol. 2: Mandos of Union and lamentation (2003). While the Mando is an art song, the remaining three types represent Goan folk song. The Mando-dulped is a slower variety of the Dulpod (or a quicker sort of Mando), also in six-four time, facilitating the transition from the slow rhythm of the Mando to the quicker one of the Dulpod. The Dulpod itself, in six-eight time, is typically descriptive of everyday life in traditional Goa, Particularly that of the Christians. The Deknni (“song of the Deccan”?) is a song imitating Hindu music in the musical idiom current among the Christians, in two-four or six-eight time, descriptive mostly of Hindu life, with special attention given to the temple dancers. The present volume contains examples of the Mando-dulpod and the Deknni. Hopefully a future volume will be devoted to the Dulpod.
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About the authors

Jose Pereira

JOSE PEREIRA, Born in Bombay in 1931, B.A. (Hons.) in Sanskrit, University of Bombay (1951). Ph.D. in Ancient Indian History and Culture, University of Bombay(1958). Adjunct Professor of East-West Cultural Relationships at the Insituto Superior de Estudos Ultramarinos, Lisbon (1959-1960). Research Fellow in the History of Indian Art, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (1962-1966). Research Associate in the History of Indian Art, The American Academy of Benares, Varanasi(1967-1969). Professor of Theology, Fordham University, New York (1970 to present). Pereira has published 14 books and over 130 articles on theology, history of art and architecture, and on Goan and Konkani culture, language and music. MICAEL MARTINS (29 October 1914-9 February 1999) born at Ol-lli/Orlim, Goa, in 1914. Studied music in Goa, and in Bombay with renowned music teachers. Performed for various musical societies in Bombay and Delhi and directed musical groups like the Coro Sacro and the Micael Martins String Quartet. Conducted the opera Geisha (1953). Was orchestra leader of films (Films Division Orchestra, 1949, Rajkamal Kala Mandir Orchestra, 1949). Participated in concerts in Delhi, where, in 1962, he performed alongside Lata Mangeshkar and Mohammed Rafi, and, in 1972, at the inaugural function of the Delhi Symphony Orchestra. Martins began his research into traditional Goan Song in 1933. Collaborated with Jose Pereira in recording Goan songs from 1954, collecting as many as 11,000 numbers. Martins and Pereira published some of those songs in Marg (1954) and Goan Tribune (1956-1957). They also published monographs of Goan Song in A Sheaf of Deknnis (Bombay: Konkan Cultural Association, 1967) and “Song of Goa. An Anthology of Mandos”, in the Boletim do Instituto Menezes Braganca, no 28 (1981). Martins was a prolific composer of classical musical forms, incorporating themes of Goan folk and art song into his compositions. He composed masses, hymns, profane songs and instrumental pieces – particularly excelling in the latter, outstanding examples of which are the following: Rapsodia (1952), Carnaval em Goa (1953). Quatro Aguarelas (1953), Crepusculo de Estrelas Moribundas (1960), and Festival (1971). Micael Martins is renowned as the greatest classical composer in the history of Goan music.

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Micael Martins

Micael Martins (1914-1999), of Ol-lli/Orlim, Goa. Studied music in Goa, and in Bombay with renowned music teachers. Performed ffor various societies in Bombay and Delhi, and led orchestras of films in Bombay. Began collecting traditional Goan songs, art and folk, in 1933, and collaborated with Jose Pereira in recording Konkani songs from 1954, collecting as many as s11,000 numbers. Martins incorporated several motifs from traditional Goan Song into his classical musical compositions.

Antonio Da Costa

Antonio Da Costa (1943), a priest by ordination, a psychotherapist by profession and a musician by vocation, is Director of Counseling, Terros Behavirol Health Services, Arizona. As a musician he was trained in the Saligao and Rachol Seminaries, the London Trinity School of Music (in Bombay), and at the Juilliard School of Music and Columbia University, New York. Inspired by his mother Arsentina, he began collecting specimens of traditional Goan Song from the age of 16, and for several years broadcast mandos, dulpods, deknnis, fugrhis, hymns and motets over Radio Goa, with the assistance of the choral groups he had founded and directed. He also organized concerts of Goan music in Bombay, Pune and Mangalore, to expose Goan audiences to their traditional musical treasures.

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Bibliographic information

Title Folk Songs of Goa: Mando-Dulpods & Deknnis
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2005
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 8173052808
length 23cm.