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A Wounded Afghanistan: Communism, Fundamentalism and Democracy

K.B. Usha (Author)
Synopsis This book ‘A Wounded Afghanistan: Communism, Fundamentalism and Democracy’ examines the impact of foreign interventions since 1979 on the socio-political developments of Afghanistan and the circumstances, which made eit the epicenter of terrorism. The strategic location of Afghanistan in central Asia and its closeness to Eurasia led to geopolitical rivalry for resource loot between imperialistic powers, the British empire and USA on the one hand and Czarist Russia and the USSR on the other. The Soviet intervention in the 1970s and the sovietization of Afghan society led to the emergence of Mujahideen resistance and political upsurge of Islamic fundamentalism (Talibanism), a sort of restoration with vengeance of the Afghan version of Islamic laws in politics and society. The decline of Pushtun dominance and the assesrtion of other minorities such as Tajiks also contributed to the rise of Taliban. Besides big actors, the book sees Pakistan, Iran and Saudi Arabia as significant players in the Afghan crisis. The Taliban extremism paved the way to human rights violations of minorities and women. The September 11 attack on America and harbouring of Osama Bin Laden by Taliban led to the US intervention in Afghanistan. Now the country is facing nation-building challenges among which ethnic rivalry and warlodrism are major ones. Behind the Brezhnev doctrine and the doctrine of pre-emptive strike of Bush II, remained their national and exploitative interests. Ideologies apart, ‘communism’ wanted Afghanistan in the Soviet orbit, fundamentalism played up their ethnic, male-dominant Pushtunwali vendetta in the name of Islam, and ‘democracy’ is playing oil politics in the open. But, everything at the cost of Afghanistan. While cold war politics resulted in the Soviet intervention, Caspian energy and pipeline politics led to US intervention.
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About the author

K.B. Usha

The author is Research Associate in the Centre for Russian, Central Asian and East European Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi since 2002. She completed M.Phil and Ph.D. in the same Centre. During 1999-2002, she did post-doctoral research (UGC) on the Indian experience of political empowerment of women, from University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram. During this period, she taught Political Science for BA and MA students in University College, Trivandrum, as a Guest Lecturer for one academic year. Her graduation was in Economics and Post-graduation in Political and International Relations, both from Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala. Born as first child of Shri K.U. Bhaskaran and Smt Sarojini, she hails from Meenachil (Pala) of Kottayam. She has published research articles on gender issues in the context of Russia, central Asia and Indian politics. Besides, she has articles in Malayalam in dailies and periodicals. Married to Dr. R. Sugathan, has two daughters Leenu and Anu.

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Bibliographic information

Title A Wounded Afghanistan: Communism, Fundamentalism and Democracy
Author K.B. Usha
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2004
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 8182900204
length xiv+377p., Bibliography; Appendices; Index; 23cm.
Subjects History