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Philosophy and Cultural Traditions of East Asia

A. Appan Ramanujam (Author)

The present book rests on three observations, i.e. Confucianism, which is moralistic; Taoism, which is naturalistic/materialistic; and the Buddhism which is metaphysical in nature.  The esoteric School in Philosophy tends to regard the human being as basically good. This basic goodness cannot be brought by rules and methods. The Taoists are esoteric according to whom any activity which distorts basic and natural goodness will lead to imperfection. The exoteric schools tend to see mankind as basically evil, ‘fallen’ from the state of perfect harmony. These schools believe in scriptures or the doctrines of venerated teachers to restore harmony in the society. Confucius preached humanism, family value and love which will lead to social stability.  Social stability is vital for political stability. Confucius teachings are relevant even today for social and political stability. Dr Ramanujam has given equal weightage to Neo-Confucianism, impact of Chinese philosophy on Japan, Korea and the modern period and recent trends in Chinese philosophy too.  Sun-Yat-Sen, who is called the father of China, attempted a synthesis of Western Philosophical concepts with Chinese tradition and laid the foundation for modern China. Mao-Tse-Tung’s communist revolution brought about social and political changes in China. In a nutshell, the book is exhaustive and will find it worth-reading, worth-remembering and worth-reciting and quoting.

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About the author

A. Appan Ramanujam

Dr. A. Appan Ramanujam, born in 1947.  He did his B.Sc. (Physics), Madurai University; M.A. (Philosophy) and Ph.D., Annamalai University.  He was awarded, the Junior Research Fellowship by the U.G.C. in 1976.  Apart from research papers, articles and scripts on philosophical topics, he delivered lectures on Philosophy of Science.  Starting his career as Demonstrator in Physics (1969-71) at A.J. College, Sivakasi, he retired as the Head of the Department of Philosophy, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda College, Chennai in 2006.  His main interests are Ethics, Psychology, Western Philosophy, Philosophy of Science and Vaisnavism.  He participated as symposiast at the 79th session of Indian Philosophical Congress, held at Madurai College, Madurai on Values in Education in 2004 and at the World Philosophical Congress, held at Delhi University, New Delhi on Justice in 2006.  The All India Sattada Srivaisnava Association has conferred on him the title “Vaisnava Kula Bhusana” for his original contribution to Vaisnavism.  He was the Director of the National Seminar on "Indian Philosophical Heritage: A Re-understanding" in 2006, sponsored by Indian Council of Philosophical Research (ICPR), New Delhi, held at R.K.M. Vivekananda College, Chennai.

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Bibliographic information

Title Philosophy and Cultural Traditions of East Asia
Format Hardcover
Date published: 01.01.2021
Edition 1st ed.
Language: English
isbn 978938322132, 9789383221325
length xiii+120 p., Bibliography, Index; 25cm.