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Tantrasangraha of Nilakantha Somayaji

Authors (s): K Ramasubramanian (Author) , M S Sriram (Author)
Format: Hardcover
ISBN-13: 9789380250090
Pages: lxvi+595p., Illustrations; 25cm.
Series: Culture and History of Mathematics , 6
Pub. date: 02.03.2011, 1st ed.
Publisher: Hindustan Book Agency (India)
Language (s): English
Bagchee ID: BB65329
List price: US $ 61,00
Bagchee price: US $ 54,90
You save: (10.00%)
Member price: US $ 49,41 info

Overview for Tantrasangraha of Nilakantha Somayaji

Tantrasangraha, composed in 1500 CE by the renowned Kerala astronomer Nilakantha Somayaji (c.1444–1545 CE) ranks along with Aryabhanaya of Aryabhaña and Siddhàntashiromaoi of Bhàskaràcàrya as a seminal work that significantly influenced further work on astronomy in India. One of the distinguishing features of this text is that it introduces a major revision of the traditional planetary models, leading to a unified theory of planetary latitudes and a better formulation of the equation of centre for the interior planets (Mercury and Venus) than was previously available.
 
Several important innovations in mathematical technique are also to be found in Tantrasangraha, especially related to the computation of accurate sine tables, the use of series for evaluating the sine and cosine functions, and a systematic treatment of the problems related to the diurnal motion of the celestial objects. The spherical trigonometry relations presented in the text—applied to a variety of problems such as the computation of eclipses and elevation of Moon’s cusps—are also exact.
 
In preparing the translation and explanatory notes, the authors have used authentic Sanskrit editions of Tantrasangraha by Suranad Kunjan Pillai and K V Sarma, which includes the commentaries Laghu-vivçti and Yukti-dāpikà by S Vàriyar. The text consists of eight chapters covering mean longitudes, true longitudes, gnomonic shadow, lunar eclipse, solar eclipse, vyatãpàta, reduction to observation and elevation of Moon’s cusps. All 432 verses have been translated into English and supplemented with detailed explanations through use of mathematical equations, tables and figures.
 
This edition of Tantrasangraha will appeal to historians of astronomy as well as those who are keen to know about the actual computational procedures employed in Indian astronomy. It is a self-contained text with several appendices, enabling the reader to comprehend the subject matter easily.
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