Overview for River Valley Cultures of India
River Valleys have been the sites of the oldest human settlements and consequently the cradles of civilization as well as the repositories of the cultural milestones of the mankind. In India, rivers have played a predominant role in the temporal, cultural and spiritual life of the people through the ages. Several civilizations and associated multi-cultures have evolved around them. Many of them have disappeared leaving trails behind them; others continue in fully and partly transformed forms. The present anthology of articles on the River Valley Cultures of India is a result of the seminar organized by Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya, Bhopal. It encompasses such diverse fields as hard rock geology, palaeoenvironment, palaeo-biological sciences and traditional archaeology. Also studied are settlement patterns, site formation processes, tribal research, dating methods, ecological history of rivers, diverse riparian systems and their role in history and the biocultural diversity of India. The volume also addresses social problems facing man in the river valleys like disaster management and the rehabilitation of communities settled along the banks of the rivers, and various other aspects, scientific or social, of the riparian system. In view of its multidisciplinary nature, this book will be useful to every student and researcher interested in these areas.
K.K. Chakravarty (Editor)
Dr. Kalyan Kumar Chakravarty is a renowned art-historian with M.A. in History from Calcutta. University. M.P.A. in Public Administration and Ph.D. in Fine Art from Harvard University, U.S.A. He has lectured extensively in India and abroad. He has many publications to his credit including books on Orccha, Gwalior Fort. Khajuraho, Rock Art in India and the World, Dangwada excavation, the Indian Family. He has launched and edited important issues of the archaeological magazine Puratan. Some of his forthcoming publications are the Early Buddhist Art of Bodhgaya, Art of Daksina Kosala, articles in the Macmillan Dictionary of Art, London, an edited volume on Tribal Identity. He has chaired sessions in national and international seminars including World Archaeology Congress, World Ethnobiology Congress, Indian Science Congress. He is member of many expert committees and learned societies at the State, national and international level. A senior member of the Indian Administrative Service, he has specially concerned himself with development of museums and organization of excavation, conservation and non-invasive recycling of monuments, ecological monitoring of cultural and administrative initiatives throughout his eventful career. At present, he is Director, Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya (National Museum of Man) at Bhopal, promoting a multidisciplinary museum movement dedicated to the revitalization of dead, languishing, vanishing arts and crafts, ethnic identity, skills and knowledge.
G.L. Badam (Editor)
Dr. Gyani Lal Badam, a leading quaternary geologist and palaeontologist, has vast experience in excavating and studying various palaeontological sites throughout the country. After obtaining his PhD on the Siwaliks of northwest India from the Punjab University, Chandigarh, he moved on to establish the discipline of palaeontology at the renowned Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute, Pune, where his academic interests diversified to include various river valleys in central and peninsular India. However, the focus of his research for some time has been the central Narmada Valley and some tributaries of the Godavari and Krishna rivers. After a tenure at the Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya, Bhopal, Dr. Badam is presently associated with the Department of Culture and Archaeology, Government of Chhattisgarh, Raipur, to establish a multicultural complex and to study some less known aspects of geoarchaeology of Chhattisgarh.