Overview for Transforming India: Social and Political Dynamics of Democracy
Fifty years after independence, leading scholars of contemporary India come together to take stock of the country's experience of democratic functioning. Conceptualized as a set of interactions between liberal ideas and institutions on the one side, and hierarchical social structures and heterogeneous cultures on the other, democratic forms of governance in India have unleashed profound transformations which the essays in this volume seek to analyse and understand. Among the transformations discussed are the electoral upsurges of historically marginalized groups to create a 'political democracy of castes'; the autonomous mobilization of lower castes and dalits in competition with each other and in opposition to upper castes in order to assert social equality and capture state power; the corruption in institutions of governance; tendencies towards regionalization; the fragmentation of national political parties; tensions and violence between Hindus and Muslims; and the increase in inter-state disparities on account of economic reforms. The role of the electronic media, the police, and the judiciary as countervailing forces at the all-India level are also examined. The book ends by addressing current debates on the implications for democratic principles of protecting minority rights, on Hindutva and Sanskritic cultural definitions of Indianness, and whether a parliamentary or a presidential system is best suited to India.
Francine R. Frankel (Author)
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Rajeev Bhargava (Author)
Rajeev Bhargava is a lecturer at the UGC Academic Staff College, D.D.U. Gorakhpur. He took M.A. (Psychology) degree from the same university. He is on the editorial board of the â€œinterdisciplinary Dialogueâ€, a journal of higher education published by Academic Staff College, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University. He has contributed papers, articles to the â€œUniversity Newsâ€-a weekly journal of higher education, published by the Association of Indian Universities on the scenario of higher education in India. He has utilized both his theoretical knowledge and practical experience in writing books.
Zoya Hasan (Author)
Zoya Hasan is Professor of Political Science, Centre for Political Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. She has published widely in academic journals and periodicals and is the author of Dominance and Mobilisation: Rural Politics in Western Utter Pradesh (1989) and Quest for Power: Oppositional movements and Post-Congress Politics in Uttar Pradesh (1998).