Overview for The Stone Age in South Asia
The stone age in south Asia is 48th book of Dr. D.P. Sharma. This activity book includes origin of Man, Lower Palaeolithic (4.4. Mya to .125 Mya), beginning of Chalcolithic (5500-4000 B.C.). In last there are questionnaire, suggested reading list of publications of authors and also chronology of South Asian region. This pictorial book is for Archaeologists, Anthropologist and Indian Civil Service Student.
First Homonoid Sahelenthropus appeared in chad (Africa) around 7 Mya B.P. Australopithecus Remendius appeared in Ethopia around 4.4 Mya year ago and in Sivalic in India around 2+.85 Mya at Uttarbani (Jammu) an he was Pebble tool maker. The Homoerectus appeared around 20-15 Lak year ago. His skulls fossil bone were discovered at Nandah, Odai, Hahnora and Atirampakkam along with Acheulian tools. Earliest dates of Acheulian at Attirampakkam and Hunsgi are ranging between 1.7-1.2 Mya. Fire was also invented by Homoerectus around 16 laks year ago. The proto Neanderthal man appeared around .4 to .3 Laks year ago in cold climate region of Eurasia, and later on Neaderthal man invented Mousterian stone tools. In South Asia middle Palaolithic or Mousterian begins around .15 Mya B.P. at Patapara and Didawana. Around 50000-10000 year ago Upper Palaeolithic age begins along with Art activities, Homosapien (Modern Man) appeared around 50000 B.C.
Mesolithic age in India begins from 10000 to 7000 B.C. the technology by Mesolithic stone tools were Microliths which were used as composite tools by hafting methods. The Neolithic age begins in India from 7000-5000 B.C. and by this time handmade pottery was invented. Pottery in East Asia (China) begins around 21000-13000 B.P. and they were keeping fruit juice and other drinks in these handmade potteries.
Copper are begins 5500-4000 B.C. at Mehrgrah in Pakistan and Bhirrana in India. Wheel made pottery appeared at North West South Asia around 4000-3500 B.C. The iron and steel age in South Asia starts Megalithic sites from Tamilnadu and this was recently observed by North Korian Archaeologists, which was supported by K. Rajan, Rakesh Tiwari and D.P. Sharma.
D P Sharma (Author)
Dr D.P. Sharma did his M.A. in Ancient History, Culture and Archaeology from Allahabad University. He continued his field work and participated in various excavations at Pangoraria, Mansar, Naramada valley, Bhimbetka Chopani-Mando, Mehgara, Koldihwa, Mahadaha, Sringavepur and Bhardwaj Ashram. Besides this, he did extensive exploration in districts of fatehpur, Pratap Garh, Allahabad of U.P. and Buddhani area of Madhya Pradesh. Another significant contribution of Author is discovery of Menander-I (Posthumous) Brahmi inscription from reh. During 1983-84, he was awarded Commonwealth scholarship and he meritiously qualified M.A. (Archeology) with specialization on Palaeolithic-Mesolithic of world, from Institute of Archaeology, University of London. He participated in the excavation of Suxxes (U.K.) and Pincenvent (France). He has completed D.Phil. research in Allahabad University. In 1985, he joined as Dy. Keeper at National Museum, New Delhi. In 1993, he was promoted as Keeper in National Museum. At present he is Associate Professor in National Museum Institute and Head of Collection, Harappan and pre-history, national Museum, New Delhi. He has 20 books and 175 research papers in his credit.