Overview for Compositions of Muddusvami Dikshitar in National and International Scripts: Devanagari & Roman with meaning and SRGM notations in English
From time to time this fabric of spiritual unity is reinforced by the presence and influence of poets, philosophers and saint singers whose contributions have upheld this faith. Among the composers of South Indian classical music, the Trinity of Karnatak music, namely Muddusvami Dikshitar, TyagarajaSvami and SyamaSastri rank supreme over all composers at all times. This is because they were not only the great masters of the art of music but were great saints leading a life or pure devotion and renunciation. The compositions of Dikshitar can be compared to a castle with all its paraphernalia. His composition are in praise of numerous Gods and Goddesses, are full of devotional, philosophical, literary, historical, mythological, and astrological details. For this purpose, he employs apt Sanskrit words and phrases. The musical content of his compositions is of the highest order dealing with all the 72 Melakarta-s. He, presents before us, the original classical Indian music of the greatest quality with its majesticity, grandeur, and splender. The purpose of this Book: (1) To present the correct-authentic-text of the Compositions of Muddusvami Dikshitar in nationaland international scripts viz. devanagari and Diacritical Roman, to reach the maximum number of people all over the world. (2) To provide a free style gist sufficient to understand the meaning of the song enabling effective rendition. It is essential for the singers as well as the listeners to know this, in order to derive the optimum from the great compositins. About the Commentary. So Far, in the available sources, the commentaries in English have taken either the form of an essay or word to word translation. Though the essay type of commentaries highlights the meaning of the song in an interesting manner, they are at times prone to be blended with subjective imagination. Even the great scholars differ in the interpretation of the meaning and therefore the meaning given is subject to difference of opinion. However after compiling almost all the available important publications with us, we have prepared a free style gist as we thought appropriate. Minute care has been taken to give the meaning in the order of Pallavi, Anupallavi and Carana; where at certain places, when we felt the insufficiency due to different meanings for the word, the same Sanskrit word has been mentioned in the meaning. A large number of such words found in the compositions are listed in a glossary at the end of the book with its corresponding suitable meanings in detail befitting the context of the songs. About the Uniqueness of this Book: A collection of 472 compositions in one volume has been made available for the first time in Devanagari and Diacritical Roman scripts with English translation followed by SRGM notations in Roman script, reaching all corners of the globe. All compositions are presented in a format revealing the beauty at a glance of its poetical excellence of rhymes etc. besides Raga, Arohana, Avarohana, Mela, Taha, and Visesha prayoga-s wherever necessary. All the songs are indexed in respective alphabetical order in English as well as in Devanagari scripts to help quick spotting of the songs sought at the end of the book. Since most of the compositions of Dikshitar are on different deities of different temples at different places, a separate chart is given under the Classification of songs for ready reference.
T.K. Govinda Rao (Editor)
Sangita Kalanidhi Tripunithura Krishnan embrandiri Govinda Rao, who hails from a family of musicians from Kochi-Kerala, is a leading vocalist of Indian Classical Karnatak Music. In 1949 he joined the then Central College of Karnatak Music at Madras, where under the care of great musicians like Sangita Kalanidhi Tiruppampuram Swaminatha Pillai and Smt. T. Brnda, he completed the course of "SANGITA VIDVAN". TKG was fortunate to have as his guru, the founder-Principal, Padmavibhushan, Sangita Kalanidhi, Isaipperarinar Sri Musiri Subrahmanya Iyer, the doyen of Karnatak Music. A rigorous GURU KULAVASA - training spread over fifteen years followed by many years of close association with his Guru, marks him as a faithful representative of the Musiri style of Bhava-laden renderings. A career that spanned over give decades brought him assignments such as Lecturer, Govt. of Tamizh Nadu' Music College, Chennai; Producer-Music, All India Radio, Chennai and finally Chief Producer-Music in the Directorate-General, All India Radio, New Delhi. In addition, he had been associated with the Music Academy, Chennai, as a member of the Advisory Committee, Central Sangit Natak Akademi and the ICCR as also with Universities of Banares, Delhi, Madras, Annamalai, Bangalore and Telugu University in various capacities. All these assignments, however, did not deter him from his prime vocation as a vocalist and teacher that took him, over the years, all over India and abroad: Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, UK, USA (S.V. Temple, Pittsburgh, among other cities), Canada and Muscat, where he has taught hundreds of students. Titles like Sangita Kalanidhi, Sangita Cudamani, Sangita Sastra Ratnakara, Sangita Ratnakara (USA), Ganakala Tilaka, Nadakkanal, Swara Samrat, Sangita Samrat, Sangita Acarya, Gayaka Sikhamani besides the Academi Award from the Central Sangit Natak Akademi - the National Academy of Music, Dance and Drama, and Asthana Vidvan of Sri Kanci Kamakoti Pitham have been conferred on him for his contributions to the field of Karnatak Music. "T.K.G. is a veteran of the old school who has played a prominent role in the preservation of all that is precious in the truly classical rendition of Karnatak Music." - The renowned senior music critic Sri PN. Krishnamurthy, quoted in the wellknown music Magazine "SRUTI". To promote, preserve and propagate the time-tested oral traditions of Classical Karnatak Music, he founded a body name "Ganamandir Trust" with the object of publishing works on music, producing audio/video CDs and cassettes in his "Ganamandir Studios"; organizing seminars and workshops on music in India and elsewhere, also providing them to the donor-members free of cost.