Overview for Land Policy and Urban Housing
Urban land policy is a part of urban development policy and must be viewed within the framework of general development policies. One of the goals of development policies is to mobilize the resources of a country in order to achieve socio-economic objectives. The basic goal of urban land policy is to achieve the socioeconomic maximization of land-use.
The difficulty of establishing a land policy results from the nature of urban land. Land is both one of the natural resources of a nation and one of the essential goods necessary for the existence of the individual. Land is a basis for urban settlements where people live, work and use services. Therefore, a land policy has to be used on a socio-economic approach.
One of the goals of urban land policies may be defined as supplying land needed for urban development in the appropriate location at the right time. Because land policies are a part of development policies, they are influenced by the socioeconomic and political structure of a country and its level of development.