Overview for Mahrattas, Sikhs and Southern Sultans of India: Their Fight Against Foreign Power
This book deals with comparatively shortlived kings and kingdoms-Mahrattas, Southern Sultans, Sikhs and Jats who fired by patriotic sentiments and fighting heroically against heavy odds dislodged foreign government but not long afterwards were replaced by another foreign power.
It is a curious fact of history that just as Shivaji whose 'Conception of a Hindu Empire' was unfailing and Aurangzeb between them created the history of the latter half of the seventeenth century, so did to some extent before them their fathers also in the earlier part of the century. Shahji (1594-1664) and Shah Jahan (1592-1666), contemporaries in age and activity, play a game which was later continued by their sons. Their grandfathers Jahangir and Maloji were the first to find themselves in opposition.
Conflict between the Sikhs and Mughal's tyrannical forces was rather long-drawn involving a number of human sacrifices. The Punjab bore the brunt of several invasions for ages with heavy loss of life and property. India has a defensive culture of waiting for aggressors, allowing them space and fighting every battle on Indian soil. But Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the only Indian who had strategic sense. To defend Punjab he build up his borders in Afghanistan. He stemmed the tide of brutal attacks and established a true cosmopolitan state. The Anglo-Mahratta and Anglo-Sikh wars sealed the fate of both empires. The spectacular rise of Tipu Sultan in the South India clashed with the English military power and met the same fate.
After Aurangzeb's death, the decline and decay of the Mughal Empire was rapid. So was the rise of Jats who created out of nothing a large Kingdom in the heart of India under the leadership of Maharaja Suraj Mal. He is to the Jats what Shivaji to the Mahrattas and Maharaja Ranjit Singh is to the Sikhs. With his death, the kingdom also ended.
There has been no history on 'The Rise and fall of the Dutch in India' This book includes a research and comprehensive article on this short-lived power. Superiority of armament may increase the chances of success in war. It is a great element of success.
H S Bhatia (Author)
H.S. Bhatia (b. 1915) is a first class law graduate of the Panjab University and an ex-Ordnance Officer, Indian Army. Born, educated and a practicing lawyer at Lahore, Mr. Bhatia has been devoted to research,, serious studies and writing since his college days. Having been a keen observer of Muslim way of life and moving in some Muslim societies in the pre-Partition cosmopolitan city of Lahore, he developed interest in an wrote articles on Islamic subjects, his interest now culminating in this monumental work. Mr. Bhatia is chief editor of 'Civil & Military Law Journal' since 1965. He has to his credit a number of scholarly and research articles and books. Among his pioneer, deeply-researched, highly-appreciated and widely-read books are 'Political, Legal & Military History of India' (in 10 volumes, 'International Law & Practice in ancient India', 'Rare Documents on Sikhs and Their Rule in the Punjab', 'European Women in India ' Their Life and Adventures', 'Military History of British India' Origin and Development of Legal & Political System in India' (In 3 volumes).