Overview for The Vakyarthamatrka of Salikanatha Misra with His Own Vrtti
The Prakarana Pancika belongs to the Prabhakara school of Purvamimamsa. It is a primer of the Prabhakara system and deals with very important tenents such as pramana, prameya and other subject which distinguish this system with the other systems. The Vakyartha-matrka is no. eleventh prakarana of the Prakarana Pancika. It is a cluster of verses on which the author has written vrtti. This prakarana has two sub section namely prathama pariccheda and dvitiya pariccheda, of which the first one serves as an introduction to the second. The prathama pariccheda of the Vakyarthamatrka consists of twenty two karikas besides the collected verses (Samgraha slokas) pertaining to the same author. In the first section the author has established Anvitabhidhanavada (The theory of expression of the correlated) and in doing so, he has criticized and refuted abhihitanvayavada (the theory of the expressed the correlation) of the Bhatta Mimamsakas and also the theory of sphota of the Grammarians.
The author has also discussed in this chapter, the three factors that lead to the comprehension of the total meaning of the sentence namely expectancy. Sannidha and Yogyata. In the second section of the said prakarana the author has established Niyoga (Moral imperative) as the meaning of the optative case-ending, apurva (lunique result) as the meaning of the vedic optatives and the effect of the actions as the meaning of non-vedic optatives and in this section he has refuted the views of Mandana Misra who has in his Brahmasiddhi strongly criticized and discarded the view of the prabhakara school regarding Niygoga in the second section there are forty six karikas of which the last karika gies the name of the Vakyarthamatrka.