Overview for Child Labour in India
Child labour is a colossal problem in India. Although the percentage of children in the labour force may be lower than it is in many developing countries, the hard truth is that India has the largest number of child labourers in the world. They are all around--little figures picking rags and toiling long hours in appalling conditions within repair shops, machine shops and roadside restaurants. Less visible and more exploited are the millions of others employed in vast, mushrooming, often hazardous, industries manufacturing beedis, carpets, locks, slates, glass products, brassware, garments and leather goods. This book--by a deeply committed civil servant who has travelled the length and breadth of India to address the problems of child labour--analyses the oppressive reality of Indian labouring children and provides perhaps the fullest macro-perspective on the nature and scale of the problem, as well as what this problem means in human and economic terms. Mishra critically examines constitutional and legal provisions on the subject, the national policy and programme of action, international instruments and recent international initiatives, and the role of NGOs, trade unions, central employers' organizations, and the media. He also examines the salutary role of public-interest litigation and the deleterious impact of protectionist moves by developed economies. In the concluding chapter the author brings these various themes together and examines how the problem can be addressed on a war footing. This sensitive and topical work, which pulls together a mass of material, will make essential reading for policy makers, labour specialists, activists and general readers.
Lakshmidhar Mishra (Author)
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