Overview for Splitting the Difference
Hindu and Greek mythologies teem with gendered narratives of doubling and bifurcation: stories of women and men who are doubled, who double themselves, who are seduced by Gods doubling as mortals, whose bodies are split or divided. Wendy Doniger recounts and compares a vast range of these tales from ancient Greece and India, with occasional recourse to more recent 'double features' from Dr. Jekyll and Ms Hyde to Face/Off. Myth, Doniger argues, responds to the complexities of the human condition by multiplying or splitting its characters into unequal parts, and these sloughed and cloven selves animate mythology's prodigious plots of sexuality and mortality. Her comparisons show that ultimately differences in gender are more significant than differences in culture; Greek and Indian stories of doubled women resemble each other more than they do tales of doubled men in the same culture. In casting Hindu and Greek mythologies as shadows of each other, Doniger shows that culture is sometimes but the shadow of gender.
Wendy Doniger (Author)
Wendy Doniger is the Mircea Eliade Distinguished Service Professor of the History of Religions at the University of Chicago.