Overview for Food Standards and Safety in A Globalised World: The Impact of WTO and Codex
Access to Nutritionally adequate and safe food is a right of each individual. An increasing number of consumers, and most governments, world-wide are becoming extremely aware of food quality; safety and security issues. It is now common for consumers to demand that their governments take legislative action to ensure that only safe food is acceptable and the risks related with food-borne health hazards are minimized. The Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) have increased the awareness of consumers regarding food safety and related issues. The international food standards body Codex Alimentarius Commission has done pioneering work for the development of food standards. The process to reform the Codex System in a globalising world is highlighted in this book. This book addresses perspectives of food safety issues for consumer education and awareness. Presently, biotechnological revolution is knocking every aspect of human life and therefore an attempt has been made in this work to analyse the safety of genetically modified foods. Since they have entered the markets world over; we need to know the implications of such foods. Regulatory procedures and risk analysis methods required to assess health and environmental risks associated with such foods have also been examined along with the testing procedures. Preferences for vegetarian food are based on religious, cultural and moral values in India. Hence, Tables must be put to inform the consumers about the product being completely vegetarian (having ingredients of plant origin) or non-vegetarian (having ingredients of animal origin). How Voice as an organization with strong support of Mrs. Maneka Gandhi (Central Minister at that time) fought for the rights of Indian and South Asian vegetarian consumers and persuaded the Government of India, has been discussed in the book along with changes required in the Indian Prevention of Food Adulteration Act. Infant food safety issues, Codex Standards and the WTO have also been dealt with in detail to inform readers about the problems world markers face. The dangers arising from aggressive marketing viz. infant mortality, malnutrition and disabilities in children have also been examines. The present work has been compiled on behalf of Consumer-voice.org as a reference book for consumers, students, food technologists, scientists, consultants, food safety officials, research workers and law makers working in this field to understand how food safety may not be sacrificed for commerce. The book presents an exhaustive and critical account of the impact caused food and to advocate our view that commerce in food should be guided by scientific truth and public health rather than profits.
Madhu Saxena (Editor)
Dr. Madhu Saxena completed her Ph.D. from Bhopal University. Apart from writing in renowned magazines and daily newspapers like Dainik Jagran and Nai Duniya, Bhopal. Presently she is engaged as an artist for designing of cloth paintings.
Sri Ram Khanna (Editor)
Professor Sri Ram Khanna received his M.Com from Shri ram College of Commerce in 1975 and Ph.D. degree from the Department of Commerce, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi in 1980. he also holds a degree in Law. Currently, the head of Department of Commerce, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, Prof. Khanna took up the teaching career and alongside took active interest in the consumer movements and its varied facets including consumer and competition law and redressal system. He has served on the Central Committee for Food Standards (CCFS) and the Bureau of India Standards (BIS) of the Government of India as a consumer representative for a number of terms since 1984. As Managing Trustee of Voice, which was set up at the Delhi School of Economics Campus in 1983, he has been working on food safety issues. He is currently the Managing Editor of Consumer Voice magazine, which publishes comparative product testing results, and a member of the Council of Consumers International (CI), London which consists of over 250 consumer organizations in 110 countries. He has participated and presented papers at various seminars, conferences and workshops at the national and international levels in different countries of the world. He is a member of the national Codex Committee and has participated as member of the official Indian delegation at important Codex meetings like CCFL and CCNFDSU held in Ottawa and Berlin respectively. He has also participated in CCGP (Paris) as member and Codex Coordinating Committee for Asia meetings, as head of the Consumers International (CI) delegation. As an academic expert, he specialises in Marketing and International Business. His understanding of the complex field of WTO, international law, consumer affairs and food safety provides a unique multidisciplinary framework. He is a highly acclaimed consumer activist of India and was awarded the Indian Merchants Chamber Award for Consumer Protection in 2001. He has published three books and a number of papers in national and international journals.