Overview for E-democracy: Concepts And Practices
E-democracy is about the application of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for the enhancement of democratic processes. It is actually very difficult to define e-democracy. It is a new concept subject to a number of discussions and debates. The term 'e'democracy' was coined in 1994 by a Minnesota based project in US, and since then, a number of countries have experimented with the e-democratic processes. E-democracy is a form of politics, based on technology. Some scholars opine e-democracy as merely e-voting. But in the true sense, e-democracy goes beyond that to include a number of other concepts like e-participation, e-discussion, e-forum, e-campaigning etc. The main aim of e-democracy is strengthening of democracy already existing in a society. E-democracy ensures peoples' participation in a democratic society. The biggest advantage of e-democracy lies in the fact that it establishes an interconnection between the people and the legislators through ICT, resulting into more citizens' participation. But to the progress of e-democracy, a number of challenges exist, like the need of a proper architectural design, ethics in e-voting, ethics in posting of views in e-forum, politicians' mindset, proper policies etc. Though in no country has e-democracy been practiced in a full-fledged manner, evidences are there regarding the experiments in countries like US, Switzerland, Canada, Japan, Brazil, Iran, Philippines etc. This book is an attempt to illustrate the concept of e-democracy, while it also glimpses at the practices going on in some countries.
Santap Sanhari Mishra (Author)
Santap Sanhari Mishra holds an M.A. and an M.Phil in Public Administration from Utkal University. He also holds an M.A. in History from the same university. He is currently working as a Faculty Associate at Icfai Business School Research Centre, Kolkata. Prior to joining Icfai, he worked for Utkal University for four years as a visiting faculty in P.G Department of Public Administration and as an Academic Counselor for Public Administration at University's DDCE.